Highly conductive and complete spin filtering of nickel atomic contacts in a nitrogen atmosphere

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Physical Review B. 2019, 99(17), 174438. ISSN 2469-9950. eISSN 2469-9969. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.174438
Zusammenfassung

Generating efficient and highly spin-polarized currents through nanoscale junctions is essential in the field of nanoelectronics and spintronics. In this paper, using ab initio electron transport calculations, we predict highly conductive and perfect spin filtering of nickel atomic contacts in a nitrogen environment, where a single N2 molecule sits in parallel (energetically most favorable) between two nickel electrodes. Such a particular performance is due to the wave function orthogonality between majority-spin s-like states of ferromagnetic electrodes and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the N2 molecule, and thus, majority-spin electrons are completely blocked at the interface. For the minority spin, on the contrary, two almost saturated conducting channels are formed due to the effective coupling between dzx,zy of the Ni atom and px,y of the N atom, resulting in a large conductance of about 1G0 (=2e2/h). As a consequence, a single N2 molecule acts as a highly conductive and half-metallic conductor. On the other hand, the CO and NO incorporated molecular junctions exhibit rather low conductance with a partially spin-polarized current.

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ISO 690LI, Dongzhe, 2019. Highly conductive and complete spin filtering of nickel atomic contacts in a nitrogen atmosphere. In: Physical Review B. 2019, 99(17), 174438. ISSN 2469-9950. eISSN 2469-9969. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.174438
BibTex
@article{Li2019Highl-45980,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1103/PhysRevB.99.174438},
  title={Highly conductive and complete spin filtering of nickel atomic contacts in a nitrogen atmosphere},
  number={17},
  volume={99},
  issn={2469-9950},
  journal={Physical Review B},
  author={Li, Dongzhe},
  note={Article Number: 174438}
}
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