Saving Human Lives : What Complexity Science and Information Systems can Contribute

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2015
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Helbing, Dirk
Brockmann, Dirk
Chadefaux, Thomas
Blanke, Ulf
Woolley-Meza, Olivia
Moussaid, Mehdi
Johansson, Anders
Krause, Jens
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Journal of Statistical Physics. 2015, 158(3), pp. 735-781. ISSN 0022-4715. eISSN 1572-9613. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10955-014-1024-9
Zusammenfassung

We discuss models and data of crowd disasters, crime, terrorism, war and disease spreading to show that conventional recipes, such as deterrence strategies, are often not effective and sufficient to contain them. Many common approaches do not provide a good picture of the actual system behavior, because they neglect feedback loops, instabilities and cascade effects. The complex and often counter-intuitive behavior of social systems and their macro-level collective dynamics can be better understood by means of complexity science. We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system. In such a way, complexity science can help to save human lives.

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ISO 690HELBING, Dirk, Dirk BROCKMANN, Thomas CHADEFAUX, Karsten DONNAY, Ulf BLANKE, Olivia WOOLLEY-MEZA, Mehdi MOUSSAID, Anders JOHANSSON, Jens KRAUSE, Sebastian SCHUTTE, Matjaz PERC, 2015. Saving Human Lives : What Complexity Science and Information Systems can Contribute. In: Journal of Statistical Physics. 2015, 158(3), pp. 735-781. ISSN 0022-4715. eISSN 1572-9613. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10955-014-1024-9
BibTex
@article{Helbing2015Savin-36507,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1007/s10955-014-1024-9},
  title={Saving Human Lives : What Complexity Science and Information Systems can Contribute},
  number={3},
  volume={158},
  issn={0022-4715},
  journal={Journal of Statistical Physics},
  pages={735--781},
  author={Helbing, Dirk and Brockmann, Dirk and Chadefaux, Thomas and Donnay, Karsten and Blanke, Ulf and Woolley-Meza, Olivia and Moussaid, Mehdi and Johansson, Anders and Krause, Jens and Schutte, Sebastian and Perc, Matjaz}
}
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