The determination of ecological status in shallow lakes : a tested system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive

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2003
Autor:innen
Moss, Brian
Stephen, Deborah
Alvarez, Cristina
Bécares, Eloy
Bund, Wouter van de
Collings, S. E.
Donk, Ellen van
Eyto, Elvira de
Feldmann, Tõnnu
Fernandez-Alaez, Camino
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Zusammenfassung
  1. The European Water Framework Directive requires the determination of ecological status in European fresh and saline waters. This is to be through the establishment of a typology of surface water bodies, the determination of reference (high status) conditions in each element (ecotype) of the typology and of lower grades of status (good, moderate, poor and bad) for each ecotype. It then requires classification of the status of the water bodies and their restoration to at least good status in a specified period.
    2. Though there are many methods for assessing water quality, none has the scope of that defined in the Directive. The provisions of the Directive require a wide range of variables to be measured and give only general guidance as to how systems of classification should be established. This raises issues
    of comparability across States and of the costs of making the determinations.
    3. Using expert workshops and subsequent field testing, a practicable pan-European typology and classification system has been developed for shallow lakes, which can easily be extended to all lakes. It is parsimonious in its choice of determinands, but based on current limnological understanding
    and therefore as cost-effective as possible.
    4. A core typology is described, which can be expanded easily in particular States to meet local conditions. The core includes 48 ecotypes across the entire European climate gradient and incorporates climate, lake area, geology of the catchment and conductivity.
    5. The classification system is founded on a liberal interpretation of Annexes in the Directive and uses variables that are inexpensive to measure and ecologically relevant. The need for taxonomic expertise is minimized.
    6. The scheme has been through eight iterations, two of which were tested in the field on tranches of 66 lakes. The final version, Version 8, is offered for operational testing and further refinement by statutory authorities.
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Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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lakes, Water Framework Directive, typology, ecotypes, ecological status, quality
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undefined / . - undefined, undefined
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ISO 690MOSS, Brian, Deborah STEPHEN, Cristina ALVAREZ, Eloy BÉCARES, Wouter van de BUND, S. E. COLLINGS, Ellen van DONK, Elvira de EYTO, Tõnnu FELDMANN, Camino FERNANDEZ-ALAEZ, Margarita FERNÁNDEZ-ALÁEZ, Rob J. M. FRANKEN, Francisco GARCIA-CRIADO, Elisabeth GROSS, Mikael GYLLSTRÖM, Lars-Anders HANSSON, Kenneth IRVINE, Ain JÄRVALT, Jens Peder JENSEN, Erik JEPPESEN, 2003. The determination of ecological status in shallow lakes : a tested system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. In: Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 2003, 13(6), pp. 507-549. ISSN 1052-7613. eISSN 1099-0755. Available under: doi: 10.1002/aqc.592
BibTex
@article{Moss2003deter-7161,
  year={2003},
  doi={10.1002/aqc.592},
  title={The determination of ecological status in shallow lakes : a tested system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive},
  number={6},
  volume={13},
  issn={1052-7613},
  journal={Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems},
  pages={507--549},
  author={Moss, Brian and Stephen, Deborah and Alvarez, Cristina and Bécares, Eloy and Bund, Wouter van de and Collings, S. E. and Donk, Ellen van and Eyto, Elvira de and Feldmann, Tõnnu and Fernandez-Alaez, Camino and Fernández-Aláez, Margarita and Franken, Rob J. M. and Garcia-Criado, Francisco and Gross, Elisabeth and Gyllström, Mikael and Hansson, Lars-Anders and Irvine, Kenneth and Järvalt, Ain and Jensen, Jens Peder and Jeppesen, Erik}
}
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