The Struggle of Giving Up Personal Goals : Affective, Physiological, and Cognitive Consequences of an Action Crisis

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2013
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Brandstätter, Veronika
Herrmann, Marcel
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Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2013, 39(12), pp. 1668-1682. ISSN 0146-1672. eISSN 1552-7433. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0146167213500151
Zusammenfassung

A critical phase in goal striving occurs when setbacks accumulate and goal disengagement becomes an issue. This critical phase is conceptualized as an action crisis and assumed to be characterized by an intrapsychic conflict in which the individual becomes torn between further goal pursuit and goal disengagement. Our theorizing converges with Klinger's conceptualization of goal disengagement as a process, rather than a discrete event. Two longitudinal field studies tested and found support for the hypothesis that an action crisis not only compromises an individual's psychological and physiological well-being, but also dampens the cognitive evaluation of the respective goal. In Study 3, marathon runners experiencing an action crisis in their goal of running marathons showed a stronger cortisol secretion and a lower performance in the race 2 weeks later. Results are interpreted in terms of action-phase-specific mindsets with a focus on self-regulatory processes in goal disengagement.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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motivation, goal disengagement, action crisis, well-being, self-regulation, mindset
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ISO 690BRANDSTÄTTER, Veronika, Marcel HERRMANN, Julia SCHÜLER, 2013. The Struggle of Giving Up Personal Goals : Affective, Physiological, and Cognitive Consequences of an Action Crisis. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2013, 39(12), pp. 1668-1682. ISSN 0146-1672. eISSN 1552-7433. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0146167213500151
BibTex
@article{Brandstatter2013-12-01Strug-36915,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1177/0146167213500151},
  title={The Struggle of Giving Up Personal Goals : Affective, Physiological, and Cognitive Consequences of an Action Crisis},
  number={12},
  volume={39},
  issn={0146-1672},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={1668--1682},
  author={Brandstätter, Veronika and Herrmann, Marcel and Schüler, Julia}
}
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