Dynamical aspects of motor and perceptual processes in schizophrenic patients and healthy controls

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1998
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Keil, Andreas
Ray, William J.
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Schizophrenia Research. 1998, 33, pp. 169-178
Zusammenfassung

The present study examined the temporal stationarity of the performance of 16 schizophrenic patients and 16 controls matched for age and sex in a bimanual coordination task and a perceptual task. In the motor task, rhythmic finger oscillations (alternating activity of homologue muscle groups) at increasing speed levels resulted in two measures, the preferred oscillation frequency and the critical frequency at which phase transitions (change towards simultaneous activity of homologue muscle groups) occurred. A measure of local dimensional complexity (pointwise D2 or PD2), which is a measure of non-linear dynamics, was determined for the acceleration profiles of the subjects movements. Schizophrenics exhibited less stable movement dynamics than controls in horizontal finger cycling, indicated by a lower ratio critical/preferred frequency (critical ratio) and by higher means and standard deviations of the pointwise D2. In vertical cycling, the critical ratio did not differentiate between groups, while PD2 means and standard deviations did. Groups also differed specifically in perception of two ambiguous figures (Schroeder stairs and Rubin vase). Schizophrenics showed significantly higher reversal rates for the Rubin vase and a differential perceptive in comparison to controls in the perception of the Schroeder stairs. Measures of perceptual and motor stability were unrelated, which suggests that perceptual and motor processes are not influenced by a common underlying mechanism.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Schizophrenia, Movement coordination, Bistable figures, Non-linear dynamics, Chaos
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ISO 690KEIL, Andreas, Thomas ELBERT, Brigitte ROCKSTROH, William J. RAY, 1998. Dynamical aspects of motor and perceptual processes in schizophrenic patients and healthy controls. In: Schizophrenia Research. 1998, 33, pp. 169-178
BibTex
@article{Keil1998Dynam-10824,
  year={1998},
  title={Dynamical aspects of motor and perceptual processes in schizophrenic patients and healthy controls},
  volume={33},
  journal={Schizophrenia Research},
  pages={169--178},
  author={Keil, Andreas and Elbert, Thomas and Rockstroh, Brigitte and Ray, William J.}
}
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