Bacteria of the genus Endozoicomonas dominate the microbiome of the Mediterranean gorgonian coral Eunicella cavolini

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2013
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Bayer, Till
Arif, Chatchanit
Ferrier-Pagès, Christine
Zoccola, Didier
Aranda, Manuel
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Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research. 2013, 479, pp. 75-84. ISSN 0171-8630. eISSN 1616-1599. Available under: doi: 10.3354/meps10197
Zusammenfassung

Forming dense beds that provide the structural basis of a distinct ecosystem, the gorgonian Eunicella cavolini (Octocorallia) is an important species in the Mediterranean Sea. Despite the importance and prevalence of this temperate gorgonian, little is known about its microbial assemblage, although bacteria are well known to be important to hard and soft coral functioning. Here, we used massively parallel pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes to determine the composition and relative abundances of bacteria associated with E. cavolini collected from different depths at a site on the French Mediterranean coast. We found that whereas the bacterial assemblages of E. cavolini were distinct and less diverse than those of the surrounding water column, the water depth did not affect the bacterial assemblages of this gorgonian. Our data show that E. cavolini?s microbiome contains only a few shared species and that it is highly dominated by bacteria from the genus Endozoicomonas, a Gammaproteobacteria that is frequently found to associate with marine invertebrates.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Microbial communities, Gorgonian, Eunicella cavolini, 16S tag sequencing
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ISO 690BAYER, Till, Chatchanit ARIF, Christine FERRIER-PAGÈS, Didier ZOCCOLA, Manuel ARANDA, Christian R. VOOLSTRA, 2013. Bacteria of the genus Endozoicomonas dominate the microbiome of the Mediterranean gorgonian coral Eunicella cavolini. In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. Inter-Research. 2013, 479, pp. 75-84. ISSN 0171-8630. eISSN 1616-1599. Available under: doi: 10.3354/meps10197
BibTex
@article{Bayer2013-04-08Bacte-50789,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.3354/meps10197},
  title={Bacteria of the genus Endozoicomonas dominate the microbiome of the Mediterranean gorgonian coral Eunicella cavolini},
  volume={479},
  issn={0171-8630},
  journal={Marine Ecology Progress Series},
  pages={75--84},
  author={Bayer, Till and Arif, Chatchanit and Ferrier-Pagès, Christine and Zoccola, Didier and Aranda, Manuel and Voolstra, Christian R.}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Forming dense beds that provide the structural basis of a distinct ecosystem, the gorgonian Eunicella cavolini (Octocorallia) is an important species in the Mediterranean Sea. Despite the importance and prevalence of this temperate gorgonian, little is known about its microbial assemblage, although bacteria are well known to be important to hard and soft coral functioning. Here, we used massively parallel pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes to determine the composition and relative abundances of bacteria associated with E. cavolini collected from different depths at a site on the French Mediterranean coast. We found that whereas the bacterial assemblages of E. cavolini were distinct and less diverse than those of the surrounding water column, the water depth did not affect the bacterial assemblages of this gorgonian. Our data show that E. cavolini?s microbiome contains only a few shared species and that it is highly dominated by bacteria from the genus Endozoicomonas, a Gammaproteobacteria that is frequently found to associate with marine invertebrates.</dcterms:abstract>
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