Out on a limb? : On multiple cognitive systems within the octopus nervous system

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The idea that there can be only one cognitive system within any single given cognitive organism is an established albeit implicit one within cognitive science and related studies of the mind. The firm foothold of this notion is due largely to the immense corpus of empirical evidence for the correlation of a high level of cognitive sophistication with a centralized ner-vous system. However, it must be pointed out that these findings are sourced in large part from studies on vertebrates.This paper presents a potential counterexample to the notion that only one cognitive system can be realized within any single genuine cognitive organism. This counterexample is the octopus, an invertebrate with what initially appears to be a paradoxical combination of vertebrate-like cognitive and behavioral capacities and a functionally decentralized nervous system. The extensive relegation of sensorimotor processing and control responsibilities to the peripheral nervous system which controls the arms of the octopus raises principled reasons to believe that the octopus is an organism that may house multiple independent cognitive systems.

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100 Philosophie
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Multiple cognitive systems, dynamical cognition, octopus cognition
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ISO 690CARLS-DIAMANTE, Sidney, 2019. Out on a limb? : On multiple cognitive systems within the octopus nervous system. In: Philosophical Psychology. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 2019, 32(4), pp. 463-482. ISSN 0951-5089. eISSN 1465-394X. Available under: doi: 10.1080/09515089.2019.1585797
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@article{CarlsDiamante2019multi-53008,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1080/09515089.2019.1585797},
  title={Out on a limb? : On multiple cognitive systems within the octopus nervous system},
  number={4},
  volume={32},
  issn={0951-5089},
  journal={Philosophical Psychology},
  pages={463--482},
  author={Carls-Diamante, Sidney}
}
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