A cross-taxon analysis of the impact of climate change on abundance trends in central Europe

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2015
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Bowler, Diana E.
Haase, Peter
Kröncke, Ingrid
Tackenberg, Oliver
Brendel, Christoph
Brooker, Rob W.
Gerisch, Michael
Henle, Klaus
Hickler, Thomas
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Biological Conservation. Elsevier. 2015, 187, pp. 41-50. ISSN 0006-3207. eISSN 1873-2917. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.034
Zusammenfassung

Advances in phenology and pole- and up-ward shifts in geographic ranges are well-documented signs that species are responding to climate change. A deeper understanding of such responses across ecologically different species groups will help to assess future consequences for entire ecosystems. A less well-studied pattern linked with climate change is increases in abundances of warm-adapted species compared with cold-adapted species. To compare how recent climate change has affected the abundances of species across different taxonomic groups, we analyzed long-term local population trends and related them to the species temperature niche, as inferred from geographic distributions. We used population data sets collected in different regions of Central Europe, primarily Germany, for bats, birds, butterflies, ground beetles, springtails and dry grassland plants. We found that temperature niche was positively associated with long-term population trends in some of the taxonomic groups (birds, butterflies, ground beetles) but was less important in others (bats, springtails, and grassland plants). This variation in the importance of temperature niche suggested that some populations have been affected more than others by climate change, which may be explained by differences in species attributes, such as generation time and microhabitat preference. Our findings indicate that relating temperature niches of species to population trends is a useful method to quantify the impact of climate change on local population abundances. We show that this widely applicable approach is particularly suited for comparative cross-system analyses to identify which types of organisms, in which habitats, are responding the most to climate change.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Population trends, Thermal niche, Environmental drivers, Comparative analysis, Species traits
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ISO 690BOWLER, Diana E., Peter HAASE, Ingrid KRÖNCKE, Oliver TACKENBERG, Hans-Günther BAUER, Christoph BRENDEL, Rob W. BROOKER, Michael GERISCH, Klaus HENLE, Thomas HICKLER, 2015. A cross-taxon analysis of the impact of climate change on abundance trends in central Europe. In: Biological Conservation. Elsevier. 2015, 187, pp. 41-50. ISSN 0006-3207. eISSN 1873-2917. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.034
BibTex
@article{Bowler2015-07cross-50190,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.034},
  title={A cross-taxon analysis of the impact of climate change on abundance trends in central Europe},
  volume={187},
  issn={0006-3207},
  journal={Biological Conservation},
  pages={41--50},
  author={Bowler, Diana E. and Haase, Peter and Kröncke, Ingrid and Tackenberg, Oliver and Bauer, Hans-Günther and Brendel, Christoph and Brooker, Rob W. and Gerisch, Michael and Henle, Klaus and Hickler, Thomas}
}
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