General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Lifecycle

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2017
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Hanushek, Eric A.
Woessmann, Ludger
Zhang, Lei
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Zusammenfassung

Policy proposals promoting vocational education focus on the school-to-work transition. But with technological change, gains in youth employment may be offset by less adaptability and diminished employment later in life. To test for this trade-off, we employ a difference-in-differences approach that compares employment rates across different ages for people with general and vocational education. Using micro data for 11 countries from IALS, we find strong and robust support for such a trade-off, especially in countries emphasizing apprenticeship programs. German Microcensus data and Austrian administrative data confirm the results for within-occupational-group analysis and for exogenous variation from plant closures, respectively.

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330 Wirtschaft
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Vocational education; apprenticeship; employment; wages; life-cycle; adult education; International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS)
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ISO 690HANUSHEK, Eric A., Guido SCHWERDT, Ludger WOESSMANN, Lei ZHANG, 2017. General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Lifecycle. In: Journal of Human Resources. 2017, 52(1), pp. 48-87. ISSN 0022-166X. eISSN 1548-8004. Available under: doi: 10.3368/jhr.52.1.0415-7074R
BibTex
@article{Hanushek2017Gener-33374,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.3368/jhr.52.1.0415-7074R},
  title={General Education, Vocational Education, and Labor-Market Outcomes over the Lifecycle},
  number={1},
  volume={52},
  issn={0022-166X},
  journal={Journal of Human Resources},
  pages={48--87},
  author={Hanushek, Eric A. and Schwerdt, Guido and Woessmann, Ludger and Zhang, Lei}
}
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