Are primary school children attending full-day school still engaged in sports clubs?

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Purpose
Schools and organized sports both offer great chances to promote physical activity among children. Full-day schools particularly allow for extensive participation in extra-curricular physical activities. However, due to time reasons, full-day schools may also prevent children from engagement in organized sports outside school. There is only little national and international research addressing the possible competition of full-day schools and providers of organized sports outside school and the potential effects on children's physical activity behavior. In Germany's educational system, a transformation towards more full-day schools is currently taking place. The existence of both, half-day and full-day schools, gave occasion to the following research question: Do students attending half-day and full-day school differ with respect to a) sports club membership rate and b) weekly amount of sports club training?

Methods
Data were collected in eleven German primary schools. Selected schools offered both half-day and full-day (minimum three days/week with at least seven hours) care. 372 students’ data (grades 1–4; N = 153 half-day, N = 219 full-day; 47.4% male, 8.8±1.2y) were eligible for analyses. We assessed sports club membership and weekly training duration via questionnaire. Statistical analyses included Chi-square and Mann-Whitney-U-Tests.

Results
83% of half-day school students and 67% of full-day school students were sports club members (χ2(1) = 12.31, p<.001). Weekly duration of training in sports clubs among sports club members (N = 266) also differed between the groups (mdn = 150 min in half-day, mdn = 120 min in full-day school students; z = -2.37, p = .018). Additional analyses stratified for age and gender showed similar results.

Conclusion
Primary school students attending full-day schools engage less in organized sports outside school than half-day school students, regardless of age and gender. Future studies should examine if the detected lower engagement in sports club physical activity is compensated by physical activities in other settings such as school or non-organized leisure time.

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ISO 690SPENGLER, Sarah, Arvid KURITZ, Matthias RABEL, Filip MESS, 2019. Are primary school children attending full-day school still engaged in sports clubs?. In: PloS ONE. Public Library of Science (PLoS). 2019, 14(11), e0225220. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225220
BibTex
@article{Spengler2019prima-48499,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0225220},
  title={Are primary school children attending full-day school still engaged in sports clubs?},
  number={11},
  volume={14},
  journal={PloS ONE},
  author={Spengler, Sarah and Kuritz, Arvid and Rabel, Matthias and Mess, Filip},
  note={Article Number: e0225220}
}
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