Oil and Diamonds as Causes of Civil War in sub-Saharan Africa : under what conditions?

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2009
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Basedau, Matthias
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Petróleo y diamantes coma causas de la guerra civil en Africa subsahariana : Bajo qué condiciones?
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Colombia Internacional. 2009, 70, pp. 35-59
Zusammenfassung

Recent research has increasingly questioned the link between natural resources and violent conflict while stressing the importance of resource-specific context conditions under which internal conflicts become more likely. This paper engages in a systematic analysis of six of these resource-specific conditions comparing 15 African oil and diamond producing countries. Employing a Boolean logic, the results of our analysis indicate that, typically, a conflict-ridden diamond or oil producer is highly dependent on resources, its revenues are hardly spent on distributional policies and the security apparatus and, moreover, it suffers from intercommunal problems in the producing regions. Little income from resources per capita and substantial production of lootable resources in peripheral regions seem to constitute necessary conditions for civil war. Thus, our findings imply that future theoretical models and empirical strategies should integrate the full set of (resource specific) context conditions. Efforts to raise a more integrative approach combining quantitative and qualitative research designs seem particularly promising.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache

Una investigación reciente ha incrementado el cuestionamiento sobre el vínculo entre los recursos naturales y el conflicto violento, haciendo énfasis en la importancia de las condiciones de contexto específicas a los recursos bajo las cuales se vuelven más probables los conflictos internos. Este trabajo se dedica a hacer un análisis sistemático de seis de estas condiciones específicas a los recursos comparando 15 países africanos productores de petróleo y diamantes. Empleando una lógica booleana, los resultados de nuestro análisis indican que, típicamente, un productor de petróleo o de diamantes agobiado por el conflicto depende altamente de los recursos, sus ingresos son poco utilizados en políticas de distribución y en el aparato de seguridad, y además, sufre de problemas entre sus comunidades en las regiones productoras. Pocos ingresos per cápita por los recursos y una producción sustancial de recursos saqueables en las regiones periféricas, parecen constituir las condiciones necesarias para una guerra civil. Por consiguiente, nuestras conclusiones implican que los modelos teóricos futuros y las estrategias empíricas deben integrar el juego completo de condiciones de contexto (específicas a los recursos). Parecen particularmente promisorios los esfuerzos para erigir un enfoque más integrador combinando diseños de investigaciones cuantitativos y cualitativos.

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ISO 690WEGENAST, Tim, Matthias BASEDAU, 2009. Oil and Diamonds as Causes of Civil War in sub-Saharan Africa : under what conditions?. In: Colombia Internacional. 2009, 70, pp. 35-59
BibTex
@article{Wegenast2009Diamo-18628,
  year={2009},
  title={Oil and Diamonds as Causes of Civil War in sub-Saharan Africa : under what conditions?},
  volume={70},
  journal={Colombia Internacional},
  pages={35--59},
  author={Wegenast, Tim and Basedau, Matthias}
}
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