Which mechanics drive the "Franco-German engine"? : An analysis of how and why France and Germany have managed to shape much of today's EU

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L'Europe en Formation. 2012, 366(4), pp. 45-83. ISSN 0014-2808. Available under: doi: 10.3917/eufor.366.0045
Zusammenfassung

In this article, we theorize and empirically test the mechanisms often assumed to lie behind the "Franco-German engine". We thereby try to answer the question of what the "Franco-German engine" actually is and how it works in theory and practice. We start our analysis by discussing the "Franco-German engine" in theoretical terms. Our stylized model is then applied to a selection of empirical cases relating to different decision categories as well as policy areas. Our results show that there is little evidence for an important "Franco-German engine" in "day-to-day" policy-making in Brussels, but that there is indeed a causal effect of a "Franco-German engine" on "history-making decisions" in the realms of the Single Market, Schengen, EMU, and CFSP. Scope conditions - in particular the preference spectrum amongst all EU member states - strongly determine the functioning but also the chances of success of common Franco-German integration initiatives.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache

Dans cet article, les auteurs théorisent et testent empiriquement les mécanismes qui sont souvent supposés se cacher derrière le "moteur franco-allemand". Ils ont ainsi tenté de répondre à la question de ce qu'est en fait le "moteur franco-allemand", et comment il fonctionne en théorie et en pratique. L'analyse commence par examiner le "moteur franco-allemand" en termes théoriques. Le modèle défini est ensuite appliqué à une sélection de cas empiriques relatifs à différentes catégories de prise de décision ainsi qu'à des cadres d'action politique. Les résultats montrent qu'il y a peu de preuves d'un "moteur franco-allemand" important dans l'élaboration quotidienne des politiques à Bruxelles, mais qu'il y a effectivement un effet déterminant d'un "moteur franco-allemand" sur "les décisions d'importance historique" dans les domaines du Marché commun, de Schengen, de l'Union économique et monétaire, et de la PESC. Le champ des conditions – en particulier l'éventail des préférences entre tous les États membres de l'UE – détermine fortement le fonctionnement, mais aussi les chances de succès des initiatives communes d'intégration franco-allemandes.

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320 Politik
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ISO 690LEUFFEN, Dirk, Hanno DEGNER, Kerstin RADTKE, 2012. Which mechanics drive the "Franco-German engine"? : An analysis of how and why France and Germany have managed to shape much of today's EU. In: L'Europe en Formation. 2012, 366(4), pp. 45-83. ISSN 0014-2808. Available under: doi: 10.3917/eufor.366.0045
BibTex
@article{Leuffen2012Which-24757,
  year={2012},
  doi={10.3917/eufor.366.0045},
  title={Which mechanics drive the "Franco-German engine"? : An analysis of how and why France and Germany have managed to shape much of today's EU},
  number={4},
  volume={366},
  issn={0014-2808},
  journal={L'Europe en Formation},
  pages={45--83},
  author={Leuffen, Dirk and Degner, Hanno and Radtke, Kerstin}
}
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