Switching modes in easy and hard axis magnetic reversal in a self-assembled antidot array

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2013
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Haering, Felix
Wiedwald, Ulf
Nothelfer, Steffen
Koslowski, Berndt
Ziemann, Paul
Lechner, Lorenz
Gräfe, Joachim
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Nanotechnology. 2013, 24(46), 465709. ISSN 0957-4484. eISSN 1361-6528. Available under: doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/46/465709
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We study the reversal mechanisms in a self-assembled, hexagonally ordered Fe antidot array with a period of 200 nm and an antidot diameter of 100 nm which was prepared by polystyrene nanosphere lithography. Direction-dependent information in such a self-assembled sample is obtained by measuring the anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) through constrictions processed by focused ion beam milling in nearest neighbor and next nearest neighbor directions. We show that such an originally integral method can be used to investigate the strong in-plane anisotropy introduced by the antidot lattice. The easy and hard axis reversal mechanisms and corresponding AMR signals are modeled by micromagnetic simulations. Additional in-field magnetic force microscopy studies allow the correlation of microscopic switching to features in the integral AMR. We find that the easy axis of magnetization is connected to a distinct periodic magnetic domain pattern, which can be observed during the whole magnetization reversal. While this process is driven by nucleation and propagation of reversed domains, the hard axis reversal is characterized by a (stepwise) rotation of the magnetization via the antidot lattice' easy axes.

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ISO 690HAERING, Felix, Ulf WIEDWALD, Steffen NOTHELFER, Berndt KOSLOWSKI, Paul ZIEMANN, Lorenz LECHNER, Andreas WALLUCKS, Krzysztof LEBECKI, Ulrich NOWAK, Joachim GRÄFE, Eberhard GOERING, Gisela SCHÜTZ, 2013. Switching modes in easy and hard axis magnetic reversal in a self-assembled antidot array. In: Nanotechnology. 2013, 24(46), 465709. ISSN 0957-4484. eISSN 1361-6528. Available under: doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/46/465709
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@article{Haering2013-11-22Switc-26548,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1088/0957-4484/24/46/465709},
  title={Switching modes in easy and hard axis magnetic reversal in a self-assembled antidot array},
  number={46},
  volume={24},
  issn={0957-4484},
  journal={Nanotechnology},
  author={Haering, Felix and Wiedwald, Ulf and Nothelfer, Steffen and Koslowski, Berndt and Ziemann, Paul and Lechner, Lorenz and Wallucks, Andreas and Lebecki, Krzysztof and Nowak, Ulrich and Gräfe, Joachim and Goering, Eberhard and Schütz, Gisela},
  note={Article Number: 465709}
}
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