Rational Task Analysis : A Methodology to Benchmark Bounded Rationality

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.
Datum
2016
Autor:innen
Sims, Chris R.
Gray, Wayne D.
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Sammlungen
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Minds and Machines. 2016, 26(1-2), pp. 125-148. ISSN 0924-6495. eISSN 1572-8641. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11023-015-9368-8
Zusammenfassung

How can we study bounded rationality? We answer this question by proposing rational task analysis (RTA)—a systematic approach that prevents experimental researchers from drawing premature conclusions regarding the (ir-)rationality of agents. RTA is a methodology and perspective that is anchored in the notion of bounded rationality and aids in the unbiased interpretation of results and the design of more conclusive experimental paradigms. RTA focuses on concrete tasks as the primary interface between agents and environments and requires explicating essential task elements, specifying rational norms, and bracketing the range of possible performance, before contrasting various benchmarks with actual performance. After describing RTA’s core components we illustrate its use in three case studies that examine human memory updating, multitasking behavior, and melioration. We discuss RTA’s characteristic elements and limitations by comparing it to related approaches. We conclude that RTA provides a useful tool to render the study of bounded rationality more transparent and less prone to theoretical confusion.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Bounded rationality, Benchmarking, Optimality, Task environment, Rational analysis, Ecological rationality
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690NETH, Hansjörg, Chris R. SIMS, Wayne D. GRAY, 2016. Rational Task Analysis : A Methodology to Benchmark Bounded Rationality. In: Minds and Machines. 2016, 26(1-2), pp. 125-148. ISSN 0924-6495. eISSN 1572-8641. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11023-015-9368-8
BibTex
@article{Neth2016-03Ratio-31067,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1007/s11023-015-9368-8},
  title={Rational Task Analysis : A Methodology to Benchmark Bounded Rationality},
  number={1-2},
  volume={26},
  issn={0924-6495},
  journal={Minds and Machines},
  pages={125--148},
  author={Neth, Hansjörg and Sims, Chris R. and Gray, Wayne D.}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/31067">
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dc:contributor>Sims, Chris R.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-06-01T07:51:04Z</dc:date>
    <dcterms:issued>2016-03</dcterms:issued>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-06-01T07:51:04Z</dcterms:available>
    <dc:contributor>Gray, Wayne D.</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:title>Rational Task Analysis : A Methodology to Benchmark Bounded Rationality</dcterms:title>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/31067"/>
    <dc:creator>Neth, Hansjörg</dc:creator>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">How can we study bounded rationality? We answer this question by proposing rational task analysis (RTA)—a systematic approach that prevents experimental researchers from drawing premature conclusions regarding the (ir-)rationality of agents. RTA is a methodology and perspective that is anchored in the notion of bounded rationality and aids in the unbiased interpretation of results and the design of more conclusive experimental paradigms. RTA focuses on concrete tasks as the primary interface between agents and environments and requires explicating essential task elements, specifying rational norms, and bracketing the range of possible performance, before contrasting various benchmarks with actual performance. After describing RTA’s core components we illustrate its use in three case studies that examine human memory updating, multitasking behavior, and melioration. We discuss RTA’s characteristic elements and limitations by comparing it to related approaches. We conclude that RTA provides a useful tool to render the study of bounded rationality more transparent and less prone to theoretical confusion.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dc:contributor>Neth, Hansjörg</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Gray, Wayne D.</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Sims, Chris R.</dc:creator>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Diese Publikation teilen