Emotion Regulation in Rescue Workers : Differential Relationship With Perceived Work-Related Stress and Stress-Related Symptoms

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2019
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Gärtner, Anne
Behnke, Alexander
Conrad, Daniela
Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana
Rojas, Roberto
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Frontiers in Psychology. 2019, 9, 2744. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02744
Zusammenfassung

Rescue workers are exposed to enduring emotional distress, as they are confronted with (potentially) traumatic mission events and chronic work-related stress. Thus, regulating negative emotions seems to be crucial to withstand the work-related strain. This cross-sectional study investigated the influence of six emotion regulation strategies (i.e., rumination, suppression, avoidance, reappraisal, acceptance, and problem solving) on perceived work-related stress and stress-related depressive, post-traumatic, and somatic symptoms in a representative sample of 102 German rescue workers. Multiple regression analyses identified rumination and suppression to be associated with more work-related stress and stress-related symptoms. Acceptance was linked to fewer symptoms and, rather unexpectedly, avoidance was linked to less work-related stress. No effects were observed for reappraisal and problem solving. Our findings confirm the dysfunctional role of rumination and suppression for the mental and physical health of high-risk populations and advance the debate on the context-specific efficacy of emotion regulation strategies.

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ISO 690GÄRTNER, Anne, Alexander BEHNKE, Daniela CONRAD, Iris-Tatjana KOLASSA, Roberto ROJAS, 2019. Emotion Regulation in Rescue Workers : Differential Relationship With Perceived Work-Related Stress and Stress-Related Symptoms. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2019, 9, 2744. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02744
BibTex
@article{Gartner2019-01-10Emoti-45066,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02744},
  title={Emotion Regulation in Rescue Workers : Differential Relationship With Perceived Work-Related Stress and Stress-Related Symptoms},
  volume={9},
  journal={Frontiers in Psychology},
  author={Gärtner, Anne and Behnke, Alexander and Conrad, Daniela and Kolassa, Iris-Tatjana and Rojas, Roberto},
  note={Article Number: 2744}
}
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