Influence of surface and subsurface Co–Ir alloy on the electronic properties of graphene
2021, Wang, Kangli, Vincent, Thomas, Bouhiron, Jean Baptiste, Pons, Stephane, Roditchev, Dimitri, Simon, Sabina, Fonin, Mikhail, Dedkov, Yuriy S., Vlaic, Sergio, Voloshina, Elena
Using density functional theory (DFT) calculations and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) the structural and electronic properties of graphene on the surface and subsurface Co–Ir alloy are investigated upon the intercalation of Co in graphene/Ir(111). It is found computationally that the interaction strength between graphene and substrate is strongly affected by the composition and nature of an alloy, implying the large difference in the electronic structure of monolayer graphene on CoxIr1−x/Ir(111) and Ir/CoxIr1−x/Ir(111). Our theoretical results are supported by ARPES data, which demonstrate the disappearance of the Dirac cone when graphene lies on Co and its restoration upon the formation of the subsurface Co–Ir alloy.
Layer‐by‐Layer Decoupling of Twisted Graphene Sheets Epitaxially Grown on a Metal Substrate
2018-03, Simon, Sabina, Voloshina, Elena, Tesch, Julia, Förschner, Felix, Enenkel, Vivien Anna-Lena, Herbig, Charlotte, Knispel, Timo, Tries, Alexander, Kröger, Jörg, Dedkov, Yuriy S., Fonin, Mikhail
The electronic properties of graphene can be efficiently altered upon interaction with the underlying substrate resulting in a dramatic change of charge carrier behavior. Here, the evolution of the local electronic properties of epitaxial graphene on a metal upon the controlled formation of multilayers, which are produced by intercalation of atomic carbon in graphene/Ir(111), is investigated. Using scanning tunneling microscopy and Landau‐level spectroscopy, it is shown that for a monolayer and bilayers with small‐angle rotations, Landau levels are fully suppressed, indicating that the metal–graphene interaction is largely confined to the first graphene layer. Bilayers with large twist angles as well as twisted trilayers demonstrate a sequence of pronounced Landau levels characteristic for a free‐standing graphene monolayer pointing toward an effective decoupling of the top layer from the metal substrate. These findings give evidence for the controlled preparation of epitaxial graphene multilayers with a different degree of decoupling, which represent an ideal platform for future electronic and spintronic applications.
Quantum Well States for Graphene Spin-Texture Engineering
2020-02-20, Vincent, Thomas, Voloshina, Elena, Pons, Stéphane, Simon, Sabina, Fonin, Mikhail, Wang, Kangli, Paulus, Beate, Roditchev, Dimitri, Dedkov, Yuriy S., Vlaic, Sergio
The modification of graphene band structure, in particular via induced spin–orbit coupling, is currently a great challenge for the scientific community from both a fundamental and applied point of view. Here, we investigate the modification of the electronic structure of graphene (gr) initially adsorbed on Ir(111) via intercalation of one monolayer Pd by means of angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory. We reveal that for the gr/Pd/Ir(111) intercalated system, a spin splitting of graphene π states higher than 200 meV is present near the graphene K point. This spin separation arises from the hybridization of the graphene valence band states with spin-polarized quantum well states of a single Pd layer on Ir(111). Our results demonstrate that the proposed approach on the tailoring of the dimensionality of heavy materials interfaced with a graphene layer might lead to a giant spin–orbit splitting of the graphene valence band states.
Uniaxial 2D Superlattice of Fe4 Molecular Magnets on Graphene
2017-12-13, Gragnaniello, Luca, Paschke, Fabian, Erler, Philipp, Schmitt, Peter, Barth, Nicole, Simon, Sabina, Brune, Harald, Rusponi, Stefano, Fonin, Mikhail
We demonstrate that electrospray deposition enables the fabrication of highly periodic self-assembled arrays of Fe4H single molecule magnets on graphene/Ir(111). The energetic positions of molecular states are probed by means of scanning tunneling spectroscopy, showing pronounced long- and short-ranged spatial modulations, indicating the presence of both locally varying intermolecular as well as adsorption-site dependent molecule-substrate interactions. From the magnetic field dependence of the X-ray magnetic circular dichroism signal, we infer that the magnetic easy axis of each Fe4H molecule is oriented perpendicular to the sample surface and that after the deposition the value of the uniaxial anisotropy is identical to the one in bulk. Our findings therefore suggest that the observed interaction of the molecules with their surrounding does not modify the molecular magnetism, resulting in a two-dimensional array of molecular magnets that retain their bulk magnetic properties.
Suppression of Quasiparticle Scattering Signals in Bilayer Graphene Due to Layer Polarization and Destructive Interference
2018-03-09, Jolie, Wouter, Lux, Jonathan, Pörtner, Mathias, Dombrowski, Daniela, Herbig, Charlotte, Knispel, Timo, Simon, Sabina, Michely, Thomas, Rosch, Achim, Busse, Carsten
We study chemically gated bilayer graphene using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy complemented by tight-binding calculations. Gating is achieved by intercalating Cs between bilayer graphene and Ir(111), thereby shifting the conduction band minima below the chemical potential. Scattering between electronic states (both intraband and interband) is detected via quasiparticle interference. However, not all expected processes are visible in our experiment. We uncover two general effects causing this suppression: first, intercalation leads to an asymmetrical distribution of the states within the two layers, which significantly reduces the scanning tunneling spectroscopy signal of standing waves mainly present in the lower layer; second, forward scattering processes, connecting points on the constant energy contours with parallel velocities, do not produce pronounced standing waves due to destructive interference. We present a theory to describe the interference signal for a general n-band material.
From Permeation to Cluster Arrays : Graphene on Ir(111) Exposed to Carbon Vapor
2017, Herbig, Charlotte, Knispel, Timo, Simon, Sabina, Schröder, Ulrike A., Martínez-Galera, Antonio J., Arman, Mohammad A., Teichert, Christian, Knudsen, Jan, Krasheninnikov, Arkady V., Michely, Thomas
Our scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy experiments along with first-principles calculations uncover the rich phenomenology and enable a coherent understanding of carbon vapor interaction with graphene on Ir(111). At high temperatures, carbon vapor not only permeates to the metal surface but also densifies the graphene cover. Thereby, in addition to underlayer graphene growth, upon cool down also severe wrinkling of the densified graphene cover is observed. In contrast, at low temperatures the adsorbed carbon largely remains on top and self-organizes into a regular array of fullerene-like, thermally highly stable clusters that are covalently bonded to the underlying graphene sheet. Thus, a new type of predominantly sp(2)-hybridized nanostructured and ultrathin carbon material emerges, which may be useful to encage or stably bind metal in finely dispersed form.