Conformationally Unambiguous Spin Label for Exploring the Binding Site Topology of Multivalent Systems
2018-10-18, Weickert, Sabrina, Seitz, Torben, Myers, William K., Timmel, Christiane R., Drescher, Malte, Wittmann, Valentin
Multivalent carbohydrate–lectin interactions are a key concept in biological processes mediating, for example, signaling and adhesion. Binding affinities of multivalent ligands often increase by orders of magnitude compared to a monovalent binding situation. Thus, the design of multivalent ligands as potent inhibitors is a highly active field of research, where knowledge about the binding site topology is crucial. Here, we report a general strategy for precise distance measurements between the binding sites of multivalent target proteins using monovalent ligands. We designed and synthesized Monovalent, conformationally Unambiguously Spin-labeled LIgands (MUeSLI). Distances between the binding sites of the multivalent model lectin wheat germ agglutinin in complex with a GlcNAc-derived MUeSLI were determined using pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. This approach is an efficient method for exploring multivalent systems with monovalent ligands, and it is readily transferable to other target proteins, allowing the targeted design of multivalent ligands without structural information available.
Fluoro-Carba-Sugars are Glycomimetic Activators of the glmS Ribozyme
2017-09-12, Matzner, Daniel, Schüller, Anna, Seitz, Torben, Wittmann, Valentin, Mayer, Günter
The glmS ribozyme is a bacterial gene-regulating riboswitch that controls cell wall synthesis, depending on glucosamine-6-phosphate as a cofactor. Due to the presence of this ribozyme in several human pathogen bacteria (e.g., MRSA, VRSA), the glmS ribozyme represents an attractive target for the development of artificial cofactors. The substitution of the ring oxygen in carbohydrates by functionalized methylene groups leads to a new generation of glycomimetics that exploits distinct interaction possibilities with their target structure in biological systems. Herein, we describe the synthesis of mono-fluoro-modified carba variants of α-d-glucosamine and β-l-idosamine. (5aR)-Fluoro-carba-α-d-glucosamine-6-phosphate is a synthetic mimic of the natural ligand of the glmS ribozyme and is capable of effectively addressing its unique self-cleavage mechanism. However, in contrast to what was expected, the activity is significantly decreased compared to its non-fluorinated analog. By combining self-cleavage assays with the Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus glmS ribozyme and molecular docking studies, we provide a structure-activity relationship for fluorinated carba-sugars.