Bednorz, Adam

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Symmetrized and non-symmetrized noise from weak measurements in mesoscopic circuits

2017, Belzig, Wolfgang, Bülte, Johannes, Bednorz, Adam, Bruder, Christoph

Generalized quantum measurement schemes are described by positive operator-valued measures going beyond the projection postulate, which predicts the instantaneous collapse of the systems wave function. This allows to take the noninvasive limit and investigate the correlations of such weak measurements which enables the observation of non-commuting observables within the same system. We propose a scheme in which the detector is coupled to the measured system for a finite time, as it is the case in many real setups. This leads to non-Markovian effects appearing by memory functions which are related to symmetric and antisymmetric correlators of the detector variables [12]. We investigate these functions addressing the role of equilibrium and non-equilibrium detectors and how they differ from and could realize the standard Markovian measurement respectively. The latter scheme leads to the symmetrized operator order (aka Keldysh ordering), which is widely used in quantum measurement discussions. We show that the non-Markovian measurement scheme yields information beyond the standard approach, allowing e.g. for the proof of the non classical nature of a system (quasiprobability statistics) by second-order correlation functions [13].We further propose setups in mesoscopic electronic circuits to realise those concepts. One possibility is to use two double quantum dots coupled to a common quantum system. The detectors cross correlations are read out and by tuning the dot parameters, it is possible to explore the non-Markovian nature of the measurement setup.

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Correlations of weak quantum measurements in a non-Markovian detection scheme

2015, Bülte, Johannes, Bednorz, Adam, Belzig, Wolfgang

Generalized quantum measurement schemes are described by positive operator-valued measures going beyond the projection postulate, which predicts the instantaneous collapse of the systems wave function. This allows to take the noninvasive limit and investigate the correlations of such weak measurements which facilitate the observation of non-commuting observables within the same system. We propose a scheme in which the detector is coupled to the measured system for a finite time, as it is the case in many real setups. This leads to non-Markovian effects appearing by memory functions which are related to symmetric and antisymmetric correlators of the detector variables. We investigate these functions addressing the role of equilibrium and non-equilibrium detectors and how they differ from and could realize the standard Markovian measurement respectively. The latter scheme leads to the symmetrized operator order (aka Keldysh ordering), which is widely used in quantum measurement discussions. We show that the non-Markovian measurement scheme yields information beyond the standard approach, allowing e.g. for the prove of the non classical nature of a system (quasiprobability statistics) by second-order correlation functions.

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Quantum paradoxes in electronic counting statistics

2011, Bednorz, Adam, Franke, Kurt, Belzig, Wolfgang

The impossibility of measuring non-commuting quantum mechanical observables is one of the most fascinating consequences of the quantum mechanical postulates. Hence, to date the investigation of quantum measurement and projection is a fundamentally interesting topic. We propose to test the concept of weak measurement of non-commuting observables in mesoscopic transport experiments, using a quasiprobabilistic description. We derive an inequality for current correlators, which is satisfied by every classical probability but violated by high-frequency fourth-order cumulants in the quantum regime for experimentally feasible parameters. We further address the creation and detection of entanglement in solid-state electronics, which is of fundamental importance for quantum information processing. We propose a general test of entanglement based on the violation of a classically satisfied inequality for continuous variables by 4th or higher order quantum correlation functions. Our scheme provides a way to prove the existence of entanglement in a mesoscopic transport setup by measuring higher order cumulants without requiring the additional assumption of single charge detection.