Ginot, Félix

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Félix
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How are mobility and friction related in viscoelastic fluids?

2023, Caspers, Juliana, Ditz, Nikolas, Kumar, Karthika Krishna, Ginot, Félix, Bechinger, Clemens, Fuchs, Matthias, Krüger, Matthias

The motion of a colloidal probe in a viscoelastic fluid is described by friction or mobility, depending on whether the probe is moving with a velocity or feeling a force. While the Einstein relation describes an inverse relationship valid for Newtonian solvents, both concepts are generalized to time-dependent memory kernels in viscoelastic fluids. We theoretically and experimentally investigate their relation by considering two observables: the recoil after releasing a probe that was moved through the fluid and the equilibrium mean squared displacement (MSD). Applying concepts of linear response theory, we generalize Einstein's relation and thereby relate recoil and MSD, which both provide access to the mobility kernel. With increasing concentration, however, MSD and recoil show distinct behaviors, rooted in different behaviors of the two kernels. Using two theoretical models, a linear two-bath particle model and hard spheres treated by mode-coupling theory, we find a Volterra relation between the two kernels, explaining differing timescales in friction and mobility kernels under variation of concentration.

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Memory-induced alignment of colloidal dumbbells

2023, Krishna Kumar, Karthika, Caspers, Juliana, Ginot, Félix, Krüger, Matthias, Bechinger, Clemens

When a colloidal probe is forced through a viscoelastic fluid which is characterized by a long stress-relaxation time, the fluid is excited out of equilibrium. This is leading to a number of interesting effects including a non-trivial recoil of the probe when the driving force is removed. Here, we experimentally and theoretically investigate the transient recoil dynamics of non-spherical particles, i.e., colloidal dumbbells. In addition to a translational recoil of the dumbbells, we also find a pronounced angular reorientation which results from the relaxation of the surrounding fluid. Our findings are in good agreement with a Langevin description based on the symmetries of a director (dumbbell) as well as a microscopic bath-rod model. Remarkably, we find an instability with amplified fluctuations when the dumbbell is oriented perpendicular to the direction of driving. Our results demonstrate the complex behavior of non-spherical objects within a relaxing environment which are of immediate interest for the motion of externally but also self-driven asymmetric objects in viscoelastic fluids.

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Recoil experiments determine the eigenmodes of viscoelastic fluids

2022, Ginot, Félix, Caspers, Juliana, Reinalter, Luis-Frieder, Krishna Kumar, Karthika, Krüger, Matthias, Bechinger, Clemens

We experimentally investigate the transient recoil dynamics of a colloidal probe particle in a viscoelastic fluid after the driving force acting on the probe is suddenly removed. The corresponding recoil displays two distinct timescales which are in excellent agreement with a microscopic model which considers the probe particle to be coupled to two bath particles via harmonic springs. Notably, this model exhibits two sets of eigenmodes which correspond to reciprocal and non-reciprocal force conditions and which can be experimentally confirmed in our experiments. We expect our findings to be relevant under conditions where particles are exposed to non-steady shear forces as this is encountered e.g. in microfluidic sorting devices or the intermittent motion of motile bacteria within their natural viscoelastic surrounding.