How are mobility and friction related in viscoelastic fluids?
2023, Caspers, Juliana, Ditz, Nikolas, Kumar, Karthika Krishna, Ginot, Félix, Bechinger, Clemens, Fuchs, Matthias, Krüger, Matthias
The motion of a colloidal probe in a viscoelastic fluid is described by friction or mobility, depending on whether the probe is moving with a velocity or feeling a force. While the Einstein relation describes an inverse relationship valid for Newtonian solvents, both concepts are generalized to time-dependent memory kernels in viscoelastic fluids. We theoretically and experimentally investigate their relation by considering two observables: the recoil after releasing a probe that was moved through the fluid and the equilibrium mean squared displacement (MSD). Applying concepts of linear response theory, we generalize Einstein's relation and thereby relate recoil and MSD, which both provide access to the mobility kernel. With increasing concentration, however, MSD and recoil show distinct behaviors, rooted in different behaviors of the two kernels. Using two theoretical models, a linear two-bath particle model and hard spheres treated by mode-coupling theory, we find a Volterra relation between the two kernels, explaining differing timescales in friction and mobility kernels under variation of concentration.
Two step micro-rheological behavior in a viscoelastic fluid
2021-02-22T15:52:47Z, Jain, Rohit, Ginot, Félix, Berner, Johannes, Bechinger, Clemens, Krüger, Matthias
We perform micro-rheological experiments with a colloidal bead driven through a viscoelastic worm-like micellar fluid and observe two distinctive shear thinning regimes, each of them displaying a Newtonian-like plateau. The shear thinning behavior at larger velocities is in qualitative agreement with macroscopic rheological experiments. The second process, observed at Weissenberg numbers as small as a few percent, appears to have no analog in macro rheological findings. A simple model introduced earlier captures the observed behavior, and implies that the two shear thinning processes correspond to two different length scales in the fluid. This model also reproduces oscillations which have been observed in this system previously. While the system under macro-shear seems to be near equilibrium for shear rates in the regime of the intermediate Newtonian-like plateau, the one under micro-shear is thus still far from it. The analysis suggests the existence of a length scale of a few micrometres, the nature of which remains elusive.
Barrier Crossing in a Viscoelastic Bath
2022-01-14, Ginot, Félix, Caspers, Juliana, Krüger, Matthias, Bechinger, Clemens
We investigate the hopping dynamics of a colloidal particle across a potential barrier and within a viscoelastic, i.e., non-Markovian, bath and report two clearly separated timescales in the corresponding waiting time distributions. While the longer timescale exponentially depends on the barrier height, the shorter one is similar to the relaxation time of the fluid. This short timescale is a signature of the storage and release of elastic energy inside the bath that strongly increases the hopping rate. Our results are in excellent agreement with numerical simulations of a simple Maxwell model.
Recoil experiments determine the eigenmodes of viscoelastic fluids
2022, Ginot, Félix, Caspers, Juliana, Reinalter, Luis-Frieder, Krishna Kumar, Karthika, Krüger, Matthias, Bechinger, Clemens
We experimentally investigate the transient recoil dynamics of a colloidal probe particle in a viscoelastic fluid after the driving force acting on the probe is suddenly removed. The corresponding recoil displays two distinct timescales which are in excellent agreement with a microscopic model which considers the probe particle to be coupled to two bath particles via harmonic springs. Notably, this model exhibits two sets of eigenmodes which correspond to reciprocal and non-reciprocal force conditions and which can be experimentally confirmed in our experiments. We expect our findings to be relevant under conditions where particles are exposed to non-steady shear forces as this is encountered e.g. in microfluidic sorting devices or the intermittent motion of motile bacteria within their natural viscoelastic surrounding.