Adolescents' value of children and their intentions to have children : a cross-cultural and multilevel analysis
2010, Mayer, Boris, Trommsdorff, Gisela
This study contributes to research regarding the value of children (VOC) by comparing adolescents VOC and their intentions to have children across 12 cultures, and by exploring the relations between these constructs at the individual and cultural levels using multilevel modeling. A total of 3,348 adolescents from 12 cultures participated in this study. On average, adolescents reported that they intended to have about two children and also reported the emotional VOC as being highly important. Adolescents from cultures with a low as compared to a high level of economic development reported a higher importance of the utilitarian/normative VOC. Results of the multilevel analyses showed that the reported emotional VOC was positively related to the number of children adolescents intended to have at the individual level, whereas the utilitarian/normative VOC was not related to adolescents intention to have children. At the cultural level, the VOC-dimensions were only partly related to adolescents intention to have children. The results are discussed with regard to adolescents family future orientation and in relation to the value of children approach.