Trommsdorff, Gisela

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Trommsdorff
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Gisela
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Indicators for quality of life and working life in Germany and Japan : a culture-psychological perspective

2009, Trommsdorff, Gisela

The 10th meeting of the German-Japanese Society for the Social Sciences in Osnabrück, August 2008, ended in 4 questions summarized by György Széll.
These questions were:
1. How would you define quality of life and working life?
2. Which are according to your oppinion the main differences between Germany and Japan in this respect?
3. Art there universal criteria in order to compare quality of life and working life?
4. How do you evaluate international comparative rankings and monitoring in order to improve the quality of life and working life?
Dealing with these questions opens the perspective to several further questions, wihich obviously cannot be answered without some knowledge on social, cultural, political, economic and psychological theories and empirical findings. That is one of the main reason , why German and Japanese social suggestions to deal with these questions are presented from a culture-psychological perspective.

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Intergenerational transmission of values in different cultural contexts : a study in Germany and Indonesia

2009, Albert, Isabelle, Trommsdorff, Gisela, Wisnubrata, Lieke

The aim of this study is to investigate cultural similarities and differences in the transmission of general and domain-specific value orientations (individualism/collectivism, and value of children) within German and Indonesian families. Supposing that both cultures differ with respect to developmental pathways of independence and interdependence, we asked if the extent of intergenerational transmission of values within families differs between Germany and Indonesia, and we studied possible cultural differences in intergenerational transmission with respect to different value contents. More precisely, we asked if there is a difference in transmission of values that are highly versus not highly endorsed by the members of the respective culture. The sample is part of the cross-cultural study 'Value of Children and Intergenerational Relations' and included altogether 610 German and Indonesian mother-adolescent dyads as well as altogether 200 triads of maternal grandmothers, mothers, and adolescents. Results showed intergenerational transmission of values between adjacent generations both in the German and in the Indonesian sample, but transmission of individualistic values was higher in the Indonesian sample. The results are discussed under a theoretical framework of cultural specifics of intergenerational transmission.