Phase-field descriptions of two-phase compressible fluid flow : Interstitial working and a reduction to Korteweg theory
2019-07-01, Freistühler, Heinrich, Kotschote, Matthias
The Navier-Stokes-Allen-Cahn (NSAC), the Navier-Stokes-Cahn-Hilliard (NSCH), and the Navier-Stokes-Korteweg (NSK) equations have been used in the literature to model the dynamics of two-phase fluids. In their previous article Phase-field and Korteweg-type models for the time-dependent flow of compressible two-phase fluids, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 224 (2017), 1-20, the authors showed that both NSAC and NSCH reduce to versions of NSK, when one makes the (unphysical) assumption that microforces are absent. The present paper shows that the same reduction property holds without that assumption.
Models of Two-Phase Fluid Dynamics à la Allen-Cahn, Cahn-Hilliard, and ... Korteweg!
2015, Freistühler, Heinrich, Kotschote, Matthias
One purpose of this paper on the Navier-Stokes-Allen-Cahn (NSAC), the Navier-Stokes-Cahn-Hilliard (NSCH), and the Navier-Stokes-Korteweg (NSK) equations consists in surveying solution theories that one of the authors, M. K., has developed for these three evolutionary systems of partial differential equations. All three theories start from a Helmholtz free energy description of the compressible two-phase fluids whose dynamics they describe in various ways. While a diphasic fluid composed from two constituents of individually constant density is still compressible as long as these two densities are different from each other, the abovementioned solution theories for NSAC and NSCH do not apply in this “quasi-incompressible” case, as the Helmholtz-energy framework degenerates. The second purpose of the paper is to present an observation made by both authors together that shows how to fill these gaps. As ‘by-products’ one obtains (a) in the case that the phases can transform into each other, a justification of NSK, and (b) in the case that they cannot, a new Korteweg type system with non-local ‘viscosity’.
Dynamical Stability of Diffuse Phase Boundaries in Compressible Fluids
2017-07-14, Freistühler, Heinrich, Kotschote, Matthias
Aiming at an understanding of the nonlinear stability of moving fluidic phase boundaries, this project has provided (a) solution theories for three basic systems of nonlinear partial differential equations that model two-phase fluid flow as well as (b) results on the existence of corresponding traveling waves and the spectrum of the operators that result from linearizing the PDEs about these waves.
The three models are the Navier-Stokes-Korteweg (NSK), the Navier-Stokes-Allen-Cahn (NSAC), and the Navier-Stokes-Cahn-Hilliard (NSCH) equations. For compressible NSAC and NSCH, the theories of strong solutions obtained seem to be the first ones in the literature. For NSK, a new theory of strong solutions has been developed, which in particular provides an alternative to the ‘quasi-incompressible’ approach that Abels et al. pursue for NSCH in the case of two separately incompressible phases of different density.
While for NSK the existence of traveling waves representing phase boundaries was known before, corresponding results have been newly obtained for NSAC and NSCH. For all three contexts, the project has established the spectral stability of these traveling waves. Viscous shock waves providing useful heuristic inspiration, fluidic interfaces corresponding to phase boundaries turn out to have their own flavour.
Phase-Field and Korteweg-Type Models for the Time-Dependent Flow of Compressible Two-Phase Fluids
2017-04, Freistühler, Heinrich, Kotschote, Matthias
Various versions of the Navier–Stokes–Allen–Cahn (NSAC), the Navier–Stokes–Cahn–Hilliard (NSCH), and the Navier–Stokes–Korteweg (NSK) equations have been used in the literature to model the dynamics of two-phase fluids. One main purpose of this paper consists in (re-)deriving NSAC, NSCH and NSK from first principles, in the spirit of rational mechanics, for fluids of very general constitutive laws. For NSAC, this deduction confirms and extends a proposal of Blesgen. Regarding NSCH, it continues work of Lowengrub and Truskinovsky and provides the apparently first justified formulation in the non-isothermal case. For NSK, it yields a most natural correction to the formulation by Dunn and Serrin. The paper uniformly recovers as examples various classes of fluids, distinguished according to whether none, one, or both of the phases are compressible, and according to the nature of their co-existence. The latter is captured not only by the mixing energy, but also by a ‘mixing rule’—a constitutive law that characterizes the type of the mixing. A second main purpose of the paper is to communicate the apparently new observation that in the case of two immiscible incompressible phases of different temperature-independent specific volumes, NSAC reduces literally to NSK. This finding may be considered as an independent justification of NSK. An analogous fact is shown for NSCH, which under the same assumption reduces to a new non-local version of NSK.
Diffuse planar phase boundaries in a two-phase fluid with one incompressible phase
2013, Freistühler, Heinrich, Kotschote, Matthias
This note studies a family of Navier-Stokes-Allen-Cahn systems parameterized by temperature. Derived from an internal energy that corresponds to one incompressible and one compressible phase, this family is considered as a simple model for water. Decreasing temperature across a critical value, a transition takes places from a situation without towards one with planar diffuse phase boundaries.