Oelke, Daniela

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Visual Sentiment Analysis of RSS News Feeds Featuring the US Presidential Election in 2008

2009, Wanner, Franz, Rohrdantz, Christian, Mansmann, Florian, Oelke, Daniela, Keim, Daniel A.

The technology behind RSS feeds offers great possibilities to retrieve more news items than ever. In contrast to these technical developments, human capabilities to read all these news items have not increased likewise. To bridge this gap, this paper presents a visual analytics tool for conducting semi-automatic sentiment analysis of large news feeds. While the tool automatically retrieves and analyzes RSS feeds with respect to positive and negative opinion words, the more demanding news analysis of finding trends, spotting peculiarities and putting events into context is left to the human expert. For a solid analysis the news similarity filter enables highlighting of similar or redundant news items. A case study about news related to the US presidential election in 2008 shows how the visual interface of the tool empowers the analyst to draw meaningful conclusions without the effort of reading all news postings.

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Visual Evaluation of Text Features for Document Summarization and Analysis

2008-10, Oelke, Daniela, Bak, Peter, Keim, Daniel A., Last, Mark, Danon, Guy

Thanks to the web-related and other advanced technologies, textual information is increasingly being stored in digital form and posted online. Automatic methods to analyze such textual information are becoming inevitable. Many of those methods are based on quantitative text features. Analysts face the challenge to choose the most appropriate features for their tasks. This requires effective approaches for evaluation and feature-engineering. In this paper we suggest an approach to visually evaluate textanalysis features as part of an interactive feedback loop between evaluation and feature engineering. We apply documentfingerprinting for visualizing text features as an integral part of the analytic process. Consequently, analysts are able to access interim results of the applied automatic methods and alter their properties to achieve better results.
We implement and evaluate the methodology on two different tasks, namely opinion analysis and document summarization and show that our iterative method leads to improved performance.

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Density Displays for Data Stream Monitoring

2008-05, Hao, Ming C., Keim, Daniel A., Dayal, Umeshwar, Oelke, Daniela, Tremblay, Chantal

In many business applications, large data workloads such as sales figures or process performance measures need to be monitored in real-time. The data analysts want to catch problems in flight to reveal the root cause of anomalies. Immediate actions need to be taken before the problems become too expensive or consume too many resources. In the meantime, analysts need to have the big picture of what the information is about. In this paper, we derive and analyze two real-time visualization techniques for managing density displays: (1) circular overlay displays which visualize large volumes of data without data shift movements after the display is full, thus freeing the analyst from adjusting the mental picture of the data after each data shift; and (2) variable resolution density displays which allow users to get the entire view without cluttering. We evaluate these techniques with respect to a number of evaluation measures, such as constancy of the display and usage of display space, and compare them to conventional displays with periodic shifts. Our real time data monitoring system also provides advanced interactions such as a local root cause analysis for further exploration. The applications using a number of real-world data sets show the wide applicability and usefulness of our ideas.