Sub-three-cycle pulses at 2 µm from a degenerate optical parametric amplifier
2022-04-01, Keller, K. R., Budweg, Arne, Allerbeck, Jonas, Brida, Daniele
In this work we present a compact two-stage optical parametric amplifier (OPA) pumped at degeneracy by the fundamental of a Yb:KGW laser system. The output pulses span from 1.7 to 2.5 µm (120-176 THz) and are compressed to a sub-20 fs duration. This parametric amplifier exploits the broad phase-matching bandwidth at the degeneracy point in bismuth triborate (BiBO) and periodically poled lithium tantalate (PPLT). The result drastically expands the availability of ultrashort pulses with few-microjoule energy from near-infrared (NIR) to even longer wavelengths in the mid-infrared (MIR) spectral region.
Suppression of Excitonic Absorption by Thickness Variation in Few-layer GaSe
2018, Budweg, Arne, Yadav, Dinesh, Grupp, Alexander, Leitenstorfer, Alfred, Trushin, Maxim, Pauly, Fabian, Brida, Daniele
We study the optical absorption of GaSe via sensitive differential transmission measurements while controlling the sample thickness with individual layer precision. Below a critical value of eight layers, suppression of the excitonic transitions is observed.
Ultrafast pseudospin dynamics in graphene
2015, Trushin, Maxim, Grupp, Alexander, Soavi, Giancarlo, Budweg, Arne, De Fazio, Domenico, Sassi, Ugo, Lombardo, Antonio, Ferrari, Andrea C., Belzig, Wolfgang, Leitenstorfer, Alfred, Brida, Daniele
Interband optical transitions in graphene are subject to pseudospin selection rules. Impulsive excitation with linearly polarized light generates an anisotropic photocarrier occupation in momentum space that evolves at time scales shorter than 100 fs. Here, we investigate the evolution of nonequilibrium charges towards an isotropic distribution by means of fluence-dependent ultrafast spectroscopy and develop an analytical model able to quantify the isotropization process. In contrast to conventional semiconductors, the isotropization is governed by optical phonon emission, rather than electron-electron scattering, which nevertheless contributes in shaping the anisotropic photocarrier occupation within the first few femtoseconds.
Broadband Pulse Generation at Infrared Frequencies Based on a multi-kHz Ytterbium Amplifier
2021, Keller, Kilian R., Budweg, Arne, Allerbeck, Jonas, Brida, Daniele
Two-stage optical parametric amplification enables the generation of sub-20 fs pulses at near- to mid-infrared frequencies, spanning from 1.5 to 2.5 µm (120 – 200 THz) and tunable up to 5 µm (60 THz).
Control of excitonic absorption by thickness variation in few-layer GaSe
2019, Budweg, Arne, Yadav, Dinesh, Grupp, Alexander, Leitenstorfer, Alfred, Trushin, Maxim, Pauly, Fabian, Brida, Daniele
We control the thickness of GaSe on the level of individual layers and study the corresponding optical absorption via highly sensitive differential transmission measurements. Suppression of excitonic transitions is observed when the number of layers is smaller than a critical value of 8. Through ab initio modelling we are able to link this behavior to a fundamental change in the band structure that leads to the formation of a valence band shaped as an inverted Mexican hat in thin GaSe. The thickness-controlled modulation of the optical properties provides attractive resources for the development of functional optoelectronic devices based on a single material.
Broadly tunable ultrafast pump-probe system operating at multi-kHz repetition rate
2018-01-01, Grupp, Alexander, Budweg, Arne, Fischer, Marco P., Allerbeck, Jonas, Soavi, Giancarlo, Leitenstorfer, Alfred, Brida, Daniele
Femtosecond systems based on ytterbium as active medium are ideal for driving ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers in a broad frequency range. The excellent stability of the source and the repetition rate tunable to up to hundreds of kHz allow for the implementation of an advanced two-color pump probe setup with the capability to achieve excellent signal-to-noise performances with sub-10 fs temporal resolution.
Pump-probe spectroscopy study of ultrafast temperature dynamics in nanoporous gold
2019-01-24, Ortolani, Michele, Mancini, Andrea, Budweg, Arne, Garoli, Denis, Brida, Daniele, de Angelis, Francesco
We explore the influence of the nanoporous structure on the thermal relaxation of electrons and holes excited by ultrashort laser pulses (∼7fs) in thin gold films. Plasmon decay into hot electron-hole pairs results in the generation of a Fermi-Dirac distribution thermalized at a temperature Te higher than the lattice temperature Tl. The relaxation times of the energy exchange between electrons and lattice, here measured by pump-probe spectroscopy, is slowed down by the nanoporous structure, resulting in much higher peak Te than for bulk gold films. The electron-phonon coupling constant and the Debye temperature are found to scale with the metal filling factor f and a two-temperature model reproduces the data. The results open the way for electron temperature control in metals by engineering of the nanoporous geometry.
Switchable dissociation of excitons bound at strained CdTe/CdS interfaces
2018-12-06, Enders, Florian, Budweg, Arne, Zeng, Peng, Lauth, Jannika, Smith, Trevor A., Brida, Daniele, Boldt, Klaus
Charge carrier dynamics of semiconductor nano-heterostructures are determined by band alignment and lattice mismatch of the adjacent materials. However, quantum efficiencies for the separation of excited charge carriers at such an interface are hard to predict and cannot yet be easily controlled. In this work we examine nanorods with a severely strained, axial CdTe/CdS interface using femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. We show that charge separation is mitigated by equal contributions of valence band distortion and formation of coulomb pairs across the interface. Left undisturbed such localised excitons relax rapidly via non-radiative recombination channels. By adding a competitive hole acceptor that disrupts the coulomb interaction we overcome the synergetic co-localisation of the carriers and realise charge separation. The thus created long-lived state can be exploited for a broad range of applications such as photocatalysis, water splitting, and switchable nanodevices.
Incoherent Pathways of Charge Separation in Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells
2017-09-19, Grupp, Alexander, Ehrenreich, Philipp, Kalb, Julian, Budweg, Arne, Schmidt-Mende, Lukas, Brida, Daniele
In this work, we investigate the exciton dissociation dynamics occurring at the donor:acceptor interface in organic and hybrid blends employed in the realization of photovoltaic cells. Fundamental differences in the charge separation process are studied with the organic semiconductor polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and either [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) or titanium dioxide (TiO2) acting as the acceptor. By using ultrafast broad-band transient absorption spectroscopy with few-fs temporal resolution, we observe that in both cases the incoherent formation of free charges dominates the charge generation process. From the optical response of the polymer and by tracking the excited-state absorption, we extract pivotal similarities in the incoherent energy pathways that follow the impulsive excitation. On time scales shorter than 200 fs, we observe that the two acceptors display similar dynamics in the exciton delocalization. Significant differences arise only on longer time scales with only an impact on the overall photocarrier generation efficiency.