Investigating the Sketchplan : A Novel Way of Identifying Tactical Behavior in Massive Soccer Datasets
2023, Seebacher, Daniel, Polk, Tom, Janetzko, Halldor, Keim, Daniel A., Schreck, Tobias, Stein, Manuel
Coaches and analysts prepare for upcoming matches by identifying common patterns in the positioning and movement of the competing teams in specific situations. Existing approaches in this domain typically rely on manual video analysis and formation discussion using whiteboards; or expert systems that rely on state-of-the-art video and trajectory visualization techniques and advanced user interaction. We bridge the gap between these approaches by contributing a light-weight, simplified interaction and visualization system, which we conceptualized in an iterative design study with the coaching team of a European first league soccer team. Our approach is walk-up usable by all domain stakeholders, and at the same time, can leverage advanced data retrieval and analysis techniques: a virtual magnetic tactic-board. Users place and move digital magnets on a virtual tactic-board, and these interactions get translated to spatio-temporal queries, used to retrieve relevant situations from massive team movement data. Despite such seemingly imprecise query input, our approach is highly usable, supports quick user exploration, and retrieval of relevant results via query relaxation. Appropriate simplified result visualization supports in-depth analyses to explore team behavior, such as formation detection, movement analysis, and what-if analysis. We evaluated our approach with several experts from European first league soccer clubs. The results show that our approach makes the complex analytical processes needed for the identification of tactical behavior directly accessible to domain experts for the first time, demonstrating our support of coaches in preparation for future encounters.
How to Make Sense of Team Sport Data : From Acquisition to Data Modeling and Research Aspects
2017-03, Stein, Manuel, Janetzko, Halldor, Seebacher, Daniel, Jäger, Alexander, Nagel, Manuel, Hölsch, Jürgen, Kosub, Sven, Schreck, Tobias, Keim, Daniel A., Grossniklaus, Michael
Automatic and interactive data analysis is instrumental in making use of increasing amounts of complex data. Owing to novel sensor modalities, analysis of data generated in professional team sport leagues such as soccer, baseball, and basketball has recently become of concern, with potentially high commercial and research interest. The analysis of team ball games can serve many goals, e.g., in coaching to understand effects of strategies and tactics, or to derive insights improving performance. Also, it is often decisive to trainers and analysts to understand why a certain movement of a player or groups of players happened, and what the respective influencing factors are. We consider team sport as group movement including collaboration and competition of individuals following specific rule sets. Analyzing team sports is a challenging problem as it involves joint understanding of heterogeneous data perspectives, including high-dimensional, video, and movement data, as well as considering team behavior and rules (constraints) given in the particular team sport. We identify important components of team sport data, exemplified by the soccer case, and explain how to analyze team sport data in general. We identify challenges arising when facing these data sets and we propose a multi-facet view and analysis including pattern detection, context-aware analysis, and visual explanation. We also present applicable methods and technologies covering the heterogeneous aspects in team sport data.
Geo-Temporal Visual Analysis of Customer Feedback Data Based on Self-Organizing Sentiment Maps
2014, Janetzko, Halldor, Jäckle, Dominik, Schreck, Tobias
The success of a company is often dependent on the quality of their Customer Relationship Management (CRM). Knowledge about customer’s concerns and needs can be a huge advantage over competitors but is hard to gain. Large amounts of textual feedback from customers via surveys or emails has to be manually processed, condensed, and lead to decision makers. As this process is quite expensive and error-prone, CRM data is in practice often neglected. We therefore propose an automatic analysis and visualization approach helping analysts in finding interesting patterns. We combine opinion mining with the geospatial location of a review to enable a context-aware analysis of the CRM data. Instead of overwhelming the user by showing the details first, we visually group similar patterns together and aggregate them by applying Self-Organizing Maps in an interactive analysis application. We extend this approach by integrating temporal and seasonal analyses showing these influences on the CRM data. Our technique is able to cope with unstructured customer feedback data and shows location dependencies of significant terms and sentiments. The capabilities of our approach are shown in a case-study using real-world customer feedback data exploring and describing interesting findings.
Where to go : Computational and visual what-if analyses in soccer
2019-12-17, Stein, Manuel, Seebacher, Daniel, Marcelino, Rui, Schreck, Tobias, Grossniklaus, Michael, Keim, Daniel A., Janetzko, Halldor
To prepare their teams for upcoming matches, analysts in professional soccer watch and manually annotate up to three matches a day. When annotating matches, domain experts try to identify and improve suboptimal movements based on intuition and professional experience. The high amount of matches needing to be analysed manually result in a tedious and time-consuming process, and results may be subjective. We propose an automatic approach for the realisation of effective region-based what-if analyses in soccer. Our system covers the automatic detection of region-based faulty movement behaviour, as well as the automatic suggestion of possible improved alternative movements. As we show, our approach effectively supports analysts and coaches investigating matches by speeding up previously time-consuming work. We enable domain experts to include their domain knowledge in the analysis process by allowing to interactively adjust suggested improved movement, as well as its implications on region control. We demonstrate the usefulness of our proposed approach via an expert study with three invited domain experts, one being head coach from the first Austrian soccer league. As our results show that experts most often agree with the suggested player movement (83%), our proposed approach enhances the analytical capabilities in soccer and supports a more efficient analysis.
Director's Cut : Analysis and Annotation of Soccer Matches
2016-09, Stein, Manuel, Janetzko, Halldor, Breitkreutz, Thorsten, Seebacher, Daniel, Schreck, Tobias, Grossniklaus, Michael, Couzin, Iain D., Keim, Daniel A.
For development and alignment of tactics and strategies, professional soccer analysts spend up to three working days manually analyzing and annotating professional soccer matches. In an effort to improve soccer player and match analysis, a visual-interactive and data-analysis support system focuses on key situations by using rule-based filtering and automatically annotating key types of soccer match elements. The authors evaluate the proposed approach by analyzing real-world soccer matches and several expert studies. Quantitative measures show the proposed methods can significantly outperform naive solutions.
Bring It to the Pitch : Combining Video and Movement Data to Enhance Team Sport Analysis
2018-01, Stein, Manuel, Janetzko, Halldor, Lamprecht, Andreas, Breitkreutz, Thorsten, Zimmermann, Philip, Goldlücke, Bastian, Schreck, Tobias, Andrienko, Gennady, Grossniklaus, Michael, Keim, Daniel A.
Analysts in professional team sport regularly perform analysis to gain strategic and tactical insights into player and team behavior. Goals of team sport analysis regularly include identification of weaknesses of opposing teams, or assessing performance and improvement potential of a coached team. Current analysis workflows are typically based on the analysis of team videos. Also, analysts can rely on techniques from Information Visualization, to depict e.g., player or ball trajectories. However, video analysis is typically a time-consuming process, where the analyst needs to memorize and annotate scenes. In contrast, visualization typically relies on an abstract data model, often using abstract visual mappings, and is not directly linked to the observed movement context anymore. We propose a visual analytics system that tightly integrates team sport video recordings with abstract visualization of underlying trajectory data. We apply appropriate computer vision techniques to extract trajectory data from video input. Furthermore, we apply advanced trajectory and movement analysis techniques to derive relevant team sport analytic measures for region, event and player analysis in the case of soccer analysis. Our system seamlessly integrates video and visualization modalities, enabling analysts to draw on the advantages of both analysis forms. Several expert studies conducted with team sport analysts indicate the effectiveness of our integrated approach.
Visual Soccer Analytics : Understanding the Characteristics of Collective Team Movement Based on Feature-Driven Analysis and Abstraction
2015, Stein, Manuel, Häußler, Johannes, Jäckle, Dominik, Janetzko, Halldor, Schreck, Tobias, Keim, Daniel A.
With recent advances in sensor technologies, large amounts of movement data have become available in many application areas. A novel, promising application is the data-driven analysis of team sport. Specifically, soccer matches comprise rich, multivariate movement data at high temporal and geospatial resolution. Capturing and analyzing complex movement patterns and interdependencies between the players with respect to various characteristics is challenging. So far, soccer experts manually post-analyze game situations and depict certain patterns with respect to their experience. We propose a visual analysis system for interactive identification of soccer patterns and situations being of interest to the analyst. Our approach builds on a preliminary system, which is enhanced by semantic features defined together with a soccer domain expert. The system includes a range of useful visualizations to show the ranking of features over time and plots the change of game play situations, both helping the analyst to interpret complex game situations. A novel workflow includes improving the analysis process by a learning stage, taking into account user feedback. We evaluate our approach by analyzing real-world soccer matches, illustrate several use cases and collect additional expert feedback. The resulting findings are discussed with subject matter experts.