Evidence for the stability of positional markers in the goldfish tectum

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BUSSE, Ursula, Claudia STÜRMER, 1989. Evidence for the stability of positional markers in the goldfish tectum. In: Journal of Comparative Neurology. 288(4), pp. 538-554. ISSN 0021-9967. eISSN 1096-9861

@article{Busse1989Evide-7228, title={Evidence for the stability of positional markers in the goldfish tectum}, year={1989}, number={4}, volume={288}, issn={0021-9967}, journal={Journal of Comparative Neurology}, pages={538--554}, author={Busse, Ursula and Stürmer, Claudia} }

1989 Busse, Ursula Evidence for the stability of positional markers in the goldfish tectum Busse, Ursula 2011-03-24T17:32:47Z application/pdf Positional markers in the tectum, which are thought to guide growing axons to their target sites, have been proposed to be induced by axons, to be only transiently associated with the tectal cells, and then lost after long-term denervation periods (Schmidt: J. Comp. Neurol. 177: 279-300, '78). To further investigate this concept, retinal axons were induced to regenerate into ipsilateral tecta which had been deprived of their retinal afferents for shorter (0-4 months) and longer periods (4-8 months). The paths of HRP-labeled regenerating axons of known retinal origin were traced and used as an operational test to decide whether the axons might navigate under the influence of positional markers. Two different kinds of experiments were performed:<br />1. The axons from a subpopulation of all ganglion cells in the retina were labeled by applying a small crystal of HRP at defined retinal regions. Independent of the denervation period of the tectum, the labeled regenerating axons traveled in abnormal but nonrandom routes. In early regeneration stages, axons exhibited signs of exploratory growth. They extended branches equipped with growth cones and filopodia into various regions of the tectum. In late regeneration stages, the axons lost these branches, exhibited U-turns and bends, and ended in terminal arbors in the retinotopic target region. These findings suggest that the axons travel under the influence of tectal positional markers and that these markers are not transient.<br />2. Axons from a surgically created temporal hemiretina were labeled by application of HRP to the optic nerve to test whether the temporal axons might expand into the caudal tectum in long-term-denervated tecta. The HRP-labeled axons coursed over rostral and midtectal regions. Instead of invading the caudal tectum they bent and terminated in the rostral tectal half. These results add further support for the conclusion that the path of regenerating retinal axons is governed by long-lasting positional markers. 2011-03-24T17:32:47Z Stürmer, Claudia Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic eng Stürmer, Claudia First publ. in: Journal of Comparative Neurology ; 288 (1989). - pp. 538-554

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