Foraging Habitat Selection in the Last Ortolan Bunting

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MENZ, Myles H. M., Paul MOSIMANN-KAMPE, Raphaël ARLETTAZ, 2009. Foraging Habitat Selection in the Last Ortolan Bunting. In: Ardea: Tijdschrift der Nederlandse Ornithologische Unie. BioOne. 97(3), pp. 323-333. ISSN 0373-2266. Available under: doi: 10.5253/078.097.0308

@article{Menz2009-10Forag-50461, title={Foraging Habitat Selection in the Last Ortolan Bunting}, year={2009}, doi={10.5253/078.097.0308}, number={3}, volume={97}, issn={0373-2266}, journal={Ardea: Tijdschrift der Nederlandse Ornithologische Unie}, pages={323--333}, author={Menz, Myles H. M. and Mosimann-Kampe, Paul and Arlettaz, Raphaël} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dc:contributor>Mosimann-Kampe, Paul</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:issued>2009-10</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Mosimann-Kampe, Paul</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Foraging Habitat Selection in the Last Ortolan Bunting</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Menz, Myles H. M.</dc:contributor> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2020-08-06T10:31:14Z</dc:date> <dc:creator>Menz, Myles H. M.</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2020-08-06T10:31:14Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana has suffered a general decline across much of Western Europe in recent decades. In Switzerland, only one population remains in sub-Mediterranean shrub-steppe on the south-facing slopes of the Rhône Valley (Valais). We aimed to collect data on foraging ecology of the last Swiss Ortolan Buntings during reproduction. However, this population underwent a considerable decline, with no breeding confirmed in Switzerland in 2007. We investigated foraging habitat selection of four unpaired males at the habitat and microhabitat scales, and compared patterns of foraging habitat use with patterns of terrestrial invertebrate abundance. All radio-tracked birds foraged exclusively on the plain. The adjacent slope, which harboured the former breeding grounds, was used only for territorial song displays. All males showed a disproportionate use of conventional maize fields that had been treated with herbicides, while also exhibiting an avoidance of meadows and riparian vegetation. These observed patterns of habitat use may be driven by unavailability of optimal foraging habitat, with birds being forced to use the best of a poor set of options. Structurally, it was shown that birds foraged in areas with a high proportion of bare ground, as well as moderately dense overhead vegetation. These areas did not support higher arthropod abundance, suggesting that food accessibility (and/or cover) rather than food abundance dictated habitat selection. It remains to be seen whether these patterns of microhabitat use also apply to breeding Ortolan Buntings. Further work in southern European breeding grounds should be envisioned to gain crucial information about the ecological requirements of Ortolan Buntings in Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean habitats. Additionally, effort needs to be focused on identifying factors affecting the species on the wintering grounds, which may assist in explaining the observed declines in the breeding areas.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Arlettaz, Raphaël</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Arlettaz, Raphaël</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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