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Test- or judgement‐based school track recommendations : Equal opportunities for students with different socio-economic backgrounds?

Test- or judgement‐based school track recommendations : Equal opportunities for students with different socio-economic backgrounds?

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VAN LEEST, Anne, Lisette HORNSTRA, Jan VAN TARTWIJK, Janneke VAN DE POL, 2020. Test- or judgement‐based school track recommendations : Equal opportunities for students with different socio-economic backgrounds?. In: The British Journal of Educational Psychology. Wiley-Blackwell. ISSN 0007-0998. eISSN 2044-8279. Available under: doi: 10.1111/bjep.12356

@article{vanLeest2020-05-27judge-50302, title={Test- or judgement‐based school track recommendations : Equal opportunities for students with different socio-economic backgrounds?}, year={2020}, doi={10.1111/bjep.12356}, issn={0007-0998}, journal={The British Journal of Educational Psychology}, author={van Leest, Anne and Hornstra, Lisette and van Tartwijk, Jan and van de Pol, Janneke} }

Hornstra, Lisette Background<br />There are concerns that school track recommendations that are mostly based on teachers’ judgements of students’ performance (‘judgement‐based recommendations’) are more biased by students’ SES than school track recommendations that are mostly based on standardized test results (‘test‐based recommendations’). A recent policy reform of the Dutch educational system has provided us the unique opportunity to compare the effects of students’ SES on these two types of track recommendations.<br /><br />Aims<br />The aim of this study was to examine the differences between test‐based and judgement‐based recommendations regarding the direct and indirect effect of students’ SES at student level and school level.<br /><br />Sample<br />The sample consisted of 8,639 grade 6 students from 105 Dutch primary schools.<br /><br />Methods<br />Data were analysed using two‐level multilevel mediation models.<br /><br />Results<br />Track recommendations were higher for high‐SES students. This was mostly due to differences in students’ prior performance. SES also had a small, direct effect on judgement‐based, but not on test‐based recommendations. The effects were partly situated at school level.<br /><br />Conclusion<br />Overall, the results indicated that teachers based their track recommendations mostly on students’ prior performance without being biased by students’ SES. van Leest, Anne van de Pol, Janneke Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International 2020-07-20T11:49:18Z van Tartwijk, Jan Hornstra, Lisette van Tartwijk, Jan 2020-07-20T11:49:18Z 2020-05-27 van Leest, Anne van de Pol, Janneke Test- or judgement‐based school track recommendations : Equal opportunities for students with different socio-economic backgrounds? eng

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