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Long-term simulation of lead concentrations in agricultural soils in relation to human adverse health effects

Long-term simulation of lead concentrations in agricultural soils in relation to human adverse health effects

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SCHUPP, Thomas, Georg DAMM, Heidi FOTH, Alexius FREYBERGER, Thomas GEBEL, Ursula GUNDERT-REMY, Jan G HENGSTLER, Aswin MANGERICH, Falko PARTOSCH, Claudia RÖHL, 2020. Long-term simulation of lead concentrations in agricultural soils in relation to human adverse health effects. In: Archives of Toxicology. Springer. ISSN 0340-5761. eISSN 1432-0738. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00204-020-02762-x

@article{Schupp2020-05-05Longt-49488, title={Long-term simulation of lead concentrations in agricultural soils in relation to human adverse health effects}, year={2020}, doi={10.1007/s00204-020-02762-x}, issn={0340-5761}, journal={Archives of Toxicology}, author={Schupp, Thomas and Damm, Georg and Foth, Heidi and Freyberger, Alexius and Gebel, Thomas and Gundert-Remy, Ursula and Hengstler, Jan G and Mangerich, Aswin and Partosch, Falko and Röhl, Claudia} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/49488"> <dc:contributor>Foth, Heidi</dc:contributor> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Lead (Pb) exposure of consumers and the environment has been reduced over the past decades. Despite all measures taken, immission of Pb onto agricultural soils still occurs, with fertilizer application, lead shot from hunting activities, and Pb from air deposition representing major sources. Little is known about the intermediate and long-term consequences of these emissions. To gain more insight, we established a mathematical model that considers input from fertilizer, ammunition, deposition from air, uptake of Pb by crops, and wash-out to simulate the resulting Pb concentrations in soil over extended periods. In a further step, human oral exposure by crop-based food was simulated and blood concentrations were derived to estimate the margin of exposure to Pb-induced toxic effects. Simulating current farming scenarios, a new equilibrium concentration of Pb in soil would be established after several centuries. Developmental neurotoxicity represents the most critical toxicological effect of Pb for humans. According to our model, a Pb concentration of ~ 5 mg/kg in agricultural soil leads to an intake of approximately 10 µg Pb per person per day by the consumption of agricultural products, the dose corresponding to the tolerable daily intake (TDI). Therefore, 5 mg Pb/kg represents a critical concentration in soil that should not be exceeded. Starting with a soil concentration of 0.1 mg/kg, the current control level for crop fields, our simulation predicts periods of ~ 50 and ~ 175 years for two Pb immission scenarios for mass of Pb per area and year [scenario 1: ~ 400 g Pb/(ha × a); scenario 2: ~ 175 g Pb/(ha × a)], until the critical concentration of ~ 5 mg/kg Pb in soil would be reached. The two scenarios, which differ in their Pb input via fertilizer, represent relatively high but not unrealistic Pb immissions. From these scenarios, we calculated that the annual deposition of Pb onto soil should remain below ~ 100 g/(ha × a) in order not to exceed the critical soil level of 5 mg/kg. We propose as efficient measures to reduce Pb input into agricultural soil to lower the Pb content of compost and to use alternatives to Pb ammunition for hunting.</dcterms:abstract> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2020-05-14T09:19:22Z</dc:date> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Mangerich, Aswin</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Gundert-Remy, Ursula</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Partosch, Falko</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Röhl, Claudia</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/49488"/> <dc:contributor>Damm, Georg</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2020-05-05</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2020-05-14T09:19:22Z</dcterms:available> <dc:creator>Mangerich, Aswin</dc:creator> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:creator>Schupp, Thomas</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Freyberger, Alexius</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Hengstler, Jan G</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Schupp, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Gebel, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Freyberger, Alexius</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Damm, Georg</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Röhl, Claudia</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Partosch, Falko</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Gundert-Remy, Ursula</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Foth, Heidi</dc:creator> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0"/> <dc:contributor>Hengstler, Jan G</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Gebel, Thomas</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Long-term simulation of lead concentrations in agricultural soils in relation to human adverse health effects</dcterms:title> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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