Video-guided calibration of an augmented reality mobile C-arm

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CHEN, Xin, Hemal NAIK, Lejing WANG, Nassir NAVAB, Pascal FALLAVOLLITA, 2014. Video-guided calibration of an augmented reality mobile C-arm. In: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 9(6), pp. 987-996. ISSN 1861-6410. eISSN 1861-6429. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11548-014-0995-y

@article{Chen2014-11Video-48255, title={Video-guided calibration of an augmented reality mobile C-arm}, year={2014}, doi={10.1007/s11548-014-0995-y}, number={6}, volume={9}, issn={1861-6410}, journal={International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery}, pages={987--996}, author={Chen, Xin and Naik, Hemal and Wang, Lejing and Navab, Nassir and Fallavollita, Pascal} }

Fallavollita, Pascal Video-guided calibration of an augmented reality mobile C-arm Navab, Nassir Chen, Xin Wang, Lejing Wang, Lejing Chen, Xin 2020-01-17T12:29:00Z 2020-01-17T12:29:00Z eng Navab, Nassir 2014-11 Naik, Hemal Naik, Hemal Fallavollita, Pascal terms-of-use Purpose<br /><br />The augmented reality (AR) fluoroscope augments an X-ray image by video and provides the surgeon with a real-time in situ overlay of the anatomy. The overlay alignment is crucial for diagnostic and intra-operative guidance, so precise calibration of the AR fluoroscope is required. The first and most complex step of the calibration procedure is the determination of the X-ray source position. Currently, this is achieved using a biplane phantom with movable metallic rings on its top layer and fixed X-ray opaque markers on its bottom layer. The metallic rings must be moved to positions where at least two pairs of rings and markers are isocentric in the X-ray image. The current “trial and error” calibration process currently requires acquisition of many X-ray images, a task that is both time consuming and radiation intensive. An improved process was developed and tested for C-arm calibration.<br /><br />Methods<br /><br />Video guidance was used to drive the calibration procedure to minimize both X-ray exposure and the time involved. For this, a homography between X-ray and video images is estimated. This homography is valid for the plane at which the metallic rings are positioned and is employed to guide the calibration procedure. Eight users having varying calibration experience (i.e., 2 experts, 2 semi-experts, 4 novices) were asked to participate in the evaluation.<br /><br />Results<br /><br />The video-guided technique reduced the number of intra-operative X-ray calibration images by 89 % and decreased the total time required by 59 %.<br /><br />Conclusion<br /><br />A video-based C-arm calibration method has been developed that improves the usability of the AR fluoroscope with a friendlier interface, reduced calibration time and clinically acceptable radiation doses.

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