Type of Publication:  Dissertation 
Publication status:  Published 
URI (citable link):  http://nbnresolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:35221icumgkypxngw1 
Author:  Russ, Maximilian 
Year of publication:  2019 
Summary: 
Quantum information processing in semiconductor quantum dots using single and multispin qubitsThe idea of a quantum computer, a device capable of processing information using quantum bits (qubit) instead of classical bits that outperforms classical computer in terms of computation speed, is still science ction. However, recent advances in quantum information processing showed that this ction may come true faster than anticipated. A promising platform for the physical realization of a qubit are spin qubits where the information is encoded in the quantum mechanical spin of an electron con ned in a semiconductor quantum dot. There are a variety of di erent implementations how the logical qubit is physically encoded, the use of a single electron spin or the use of the spins of multi electrons. This thesis focuses on the implementation of the spin 1/2 qubit using the spin of a single electron in a single quantum dot, the exchangeonly (EO) qubit using three electron spins distributed in three quantum dots, and the novel quadrupolar exchangeonly (QUEX) qubit using four electron spins distributed in three quantum dots. In this thesis we investigate several theoretical aspects of the physical implementation of the aforementioned qubit encodings. Since all three qubit encodings are allelectric controlled these implementations su er decoherence, the loss of information, from electric uctuations of the environment commonly called charge noise. Typically, the use of more quantum dots increases the decoherence due to charge noise while it decreases the decoherence due to magnetic noise. The rst main aspect investigated in this thesis is the protection of the quantum information encoded in the di erent qubit implementations against charge noise. Special attention is paid to the multielectron spin implementations where highsymmetry points of operation are discovered which are less sensitive to the charge noise. Protection against charge noise is even better by increasing the number of electrons while keeping the number of quantum dots making the QUEX qubit superior to the EO qubit. So far the main direction in this thesis is the reduction of the qubit sensitivity to electric uctuations. However, coherent electromagnetic elds in form of microwaves v can be used to interconnect qubits. In this thesis also a highperformance coupling between two spin1/2 is investigated. The use of a resonator, subsequently, allows for a coupling of qubits over macroscopic distances as well as to extract valuable information about the physical system. Because of the larger susceptibility of multispin qubits to the electric eld of the resonator, this thesis focuses on the coupling between an EO or a QUEX qubit and a microwave resonator. Points of operations are discovered for both qubit implementations which o er a strong coupling towards a microwave resonator while maintaining their protection against charge noise. Subsequently, a series of measurements are proposed to extract information about the microscopic structure of the quantum dots. Finally, a promising highperformance protocol for coupling two qubits remotely via the resonator is investigated in detail.

Examination date (for dissertations):  Jul 2, 2019 
Dissertation note:  Doctoral dissertation, University of Konstanz 
Subject (DDC):  530 Physics 
Keywords:  Quantum computing, spin qubits, semiconductor quantum dots, theoretical condensed matter physics 
Link to License:  Terms of use 
RUSS, Maximilian, 2019. Quantum information processing in semiconductor quantum dots using single and multispin qubits [Dissertation]. Konstanz: University of Konstanz
@phdthesis{Russ2019Quant46499, title={Quantum information processing in semiconductor quantum dots using single and multispin qubits}, year={2019}, author={Russ, Maximilian}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }
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