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Spatial Presentations, but Not Response Formats Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations in Adults

Spatial Presentations, but Not Response Formats Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations in Adults

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FISCHER, Ursula, Stefan HUBER, Hans-Christoph NUERK, Ulrike CRESS, Korbinian MOELLER, 2018. Spatial Presentations, but Not Response Formats Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations in Adults. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 9, 2608. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02608

@article{Fischer2018-12-18Spati-44615, title={Spatial Presentations, but Not Response Formats Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations in Adults}, year={2018}, doi={10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02608}, volume={9}, journal={Frontiers in Psychology}, author={Fischer, Ursula and Huber, Stefan and Nuerk, Hans-Christoph and Cress, Ulrike and Moeller, Korbinian}, note={Article Number: 2608} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/44615"> <dc:creator>Moeller, Korbinian</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2019-01-17T14:38:02Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">According to theories of embodied numerosity, processing of numerical magnitude is anchored in bodily experiences. In particular, spatial representations of number interact with movement in physical space, but it is still unclear whether the extent of the movement is relevant for this interaction. In this study, we compared spatial-numerical associations over response movements of differing spatial expansion. We expected spatial-numerical effects to increase with the extent of physical response movements. In addition, we hypothesized that these effects should be influenced by whether or not a spatial representation of numbers was presented. Adult participants performed two tasks: a magnitude classification (comparing numbers to the fixed standard 5), from which we calculated the Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effect; and a magnitude comparison task (comparing two numbers against each other), from which we calculated a relative numerical congruity effect (NCE), which describes that when two relatively small numbers are compared, responses to the smaller number are faster than responses to the larger number; and vice versa for large numbers. A SNARC effect was observed across all conditions and was not influenced by response movement extent but increased when a number line was presented. In contrast, an NCE was only observed when no number line was presented. This suggests that the SNARC effect and the NCE reflect two different processes. The SNARC effect seems to represent a highly automated classification of numbers as large or small, which is further emphasized by the presentation of a number line. In contrast, the NCE likely results from participants not only classifying numbers as small or large, but also processing their relative size within the relevant section of their mental number line representation. An additional external presentation of a number line might interfere with this process, resulting in overall slower responses. This study follows up on previous spatial-numerical training studies and has implications for future spatial-numerical trainings. Specifically, similar studies with children showed contrasting results, in that response format but not number line presentation influenced spatial-numerical associations. Accordingly, during development, the relative relevance of physical experiences and presentation format for spatial-numerical associations might change. Keywords: spatial-numerical associations, numerical process</dcterms:abstract> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2019-01-17T14:38:02Z</dc:date> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/35"/> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/44615/1/Fischer_2-v7iwsztnrcdx6.pdf"/> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/35"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/page/termsofuse"/> <dc:contributor>Huber, Stefan</dc:contributor> <dcterms:title>Spatial Presentations, but Not Response Formats Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations in Adults</dcterms:title> <dc:contributor>Fischer, Ursula</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Nuerk, Hans-Christoph</dc:creator> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/44615/1/Fischer_2-v7iwsztnrcdx6.pdf"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:creator>Cress, Ulrike</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Cress, Ulrike</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/44615"/> <dc:contributor>Moeller, Korbinian</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Nuerk, Hans-Christoph</dc:contributor> <dcterms:issued>2018-12-18</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Huber, Stefan</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Fischer, Ursula</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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