Enemies at the gate : the Moabit Klostersturm and the Kulturkampf : Germany

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BORUTTA, Manuel, 2003. Enemies at the gate : the Moabit Klostersturm and the Kulturkampf : Germany. In: CLARK, Christopher, ed., Wolfram KAISER, ed.. Culture Wars : secular–Catholic Conflict in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, pp. 227-254. ISBN 978-0-511-49671-4. Available under: doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511496714.010

@incollection{Borutta2003Enemi-43491, title={Enemies at the gate : the Moabit Klostersturm and the Kulturkampf : Germany}, year={2003}, doi={10.1017/CBO9780511496714.010}, isbn={978-0-511-49671-4}, address={Cambridge}, publisher={Cambridge University Press}, booktitle={Culture Wars : secular–Catholic Conflict in Nineteenth-Century Europe}, pages={227--254}, editor={Clark, Christopher and Kaiser, Wolfram}, author={Borutta, Manuel} }

Borutta, Manuel eng Gentlemen, anyone who believes in our day and age that he must carry his religion around with him, anyone who feels obliged to wear a particular dress, who swears grotesque vows, who bands together in herds, and who, when all is said and done, swears unconditional loyalty to Rome, the bitterest enemy of our young German and Prussian glory – such people can have no place in our state. That is why I say: away with them as fast as possible. (Enthusiastic cheers). During the Prussian Landtag debate of 7 May 1875 on the prohibition of religious orders and congregations, the National Liberal deputy Georg Jung lent expression to a central feature of the Kulturkampf: the symbolic exclusion of Catholicism from the hegemonial version of national culture. This process had been underway since the end of the eighteenth century. To enlightened Protestant North Germans, Catholicism appeared exotic and alien. In the nineteenth century, the ‘orientalist’ image of a static, historyless Catholic world served as a foil to the construction of a modern identity that was secular but confessionally coloured. While the decisive protagonists of the Kulturkampf, the liberals, saw Protestantism – which for most was their own confessional affiliation – as compatible with modernity, they perceived Catholicism as ‘modernity's other’.<br />At first glance, this perceived dichotomy appears to be borne out by the inner development of both confessions. 2018-10-11T09:30:56Z 2018-10-11T09:30:56Z Borutta, Manuel 2003 Enemies at the gate : the Moabit Klostersturm and the Kulturkampf : Germany

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