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Contacting BBr<sub>3</sub>-based boron emitters with Aluminium-free screen-printing paste

Contacting BBr3-based boron emitters with Aluminium-free screen-printing paste

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FRITZ, Susanne, Erkan EMRE, Josh ENGELHARDT, Stefanie EBERT, Nicolas NOWAK, Jonathan BOOTH, Giso HAHN, 2016. Contacting BBr3-based boron emitters with Aluminium-free screen-printing paste. In: Energy Procedia. 92, pp. 925-931. eISSN 1876-6102. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2016.07.103

@article{Fritz2016Conta-36121, title={Contacting BBr3-based boron emitters with Aluminium-free screen-printing paste}, year={2016}, doi={10.1016/j.egypro.2016.07.103}, volume={92}, journal={Energy Procedia}, pages={925--931}, author={Fritz, Susanne and Emre, Erkan and Engelhardt, Josh and Ebert, Stefanie and Nowak, Nicolas and Booth, Jonathan and Hahn, Giso} }

Hahn, Giso terms-of-use 2016-11-29T13:32:54Z Engelhardt, Josh Ebert, Stefanie For n-type solar cell concepts, B emitters are commonly diffused in a BBr3-based process. However, the metallization of these p+ layers is challenging. Up to now, low contact resistances on B emitters were only reported to be possible using Al-containing Ag screen-printing pastes. A drawback of the addition of Al to the paste is that, facilitated by the Al, deep metal spikes grow into the Si surface. As these spikes are deep enough to penetrate the emitter and affect the space charge region, they are made responsible for low Voc values that limit solar cell efficiency. However, in 2015 Engelhardt et al. reported specific contact resistances around 1 mΩcm2 of Al-free Ag screen-printed contacts on B emitters diffused by inductively coupled plasma plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposited SiOx:B layers. In their process the doping layer remained on the wafer serving as surface passivation layer. The low contact resistances were attributed to the presence of the doping layer. In this work we use two Al-free Ag screen-printing pastes for contacting a BBr3-based B emitter. Specific contact resistances well below 10 mΩcm2 are reached on alkaline textured wafers with dielectric layer. It is shown that with the use of Al-free Ag screen-printing pastes deep spiking can be avoided and therefore a wider window of firing parameters is available. These results allow the use of the same screen-printing paste on both sides of the solar cell. Additionally it is shown, that with an old generation Al-free Ag paste low specific contact resistances can only be achieved in a narrow firing window at low temperatures. The addition of Te to the old generation paste shifts and broadens the temperature range for which low specific contact resistances are reached to higher firing temperatures. Booth, Jonathan Contacting BBr<sub>3</sub>-based boron emitters with Aluminium-free screen-printing paste Emre, Erkan Nowak, Nicolas Hahn, Giso Emre, Erkan 2016-11-29T13:32:54Z eng Fritz, Susanne Nowak, Nicolas Ebert, Stefanie Booth, Jonathan 2016 Engelhardt, Josh Fritz, Susanne

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